The field of environmental psychology is a new demographic to the world of psychology. Environmental psychology is the effects the environment around one has on the said individual as well as the effect the individual has on the environment in return. There are more individuals that are aware as well as conscious the environment has, as well see what the effect they have on the environment as vice versa. In this paper, the major theoretical approaches, a more definitive overview of this discipline, as well as discuss the importance of research in the field of environmental psychology.
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(Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995).
The tools that one uses in the field of environmental psychology is similar to those of anthropology, biology and sociology. It applies the relationship between behavior, person, as well as the environment. The various approaches help those who work in the field of environmental psychology with finding simpler definitions to things, simpler interpretations, as well as ideas. Two theories in this regard are arousal theories and stimulus load theories. (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995).
Comparison and contrast
The arousal theory is the theory that one's arousal with the said performance has a direct effect causing one to perform at different levels of arousal as well as differently to each level. The theory also theorizes that each individual is looking to achieve the highest level of arousal that the individual feels comfortable using an inverted U-shape to show the connection between the two. Showing that the higher ones arousal is the lower the performance becomes. This decline is known as the Yerkes-Dodson law. Using this theory, it shows how one reacts to environmental stimulus, as well as how the relationship can influence the outcome of the individuals performance. The arousal theory shows how directly connected that the environment is with individuals, and vice versa. (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995)
On the other end of the spectrum lies the stimulus load theories. In this theory it deduces that everyone has a certain capacity to retrieve and convert information. theorizing that when one reaches and surpasses the limit of what the individual can handle the individual mentally shuts down and no longer pay attention. This in return causes the individual will be distracted by something else. This being overwhelming to the individual has a tendency to cause frustration and stress. The stimulus load theory states that particular behaviors will happen in correlation with the amount of stimulation, over or under, coming from the environment. (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995).
Both of the theories use the use of the stimulus that is external. This leads to the agreement in the...