Information Processing Theory
November 12, 2013
Information Processing Theory
The information processing theory is a group of ideas put together describing how human beings transfer information, remember information, and modify information. The information processing theory also looks at how these processes change over the course of a persons life. This theory came out in the nineteen fifties and nineteen ...view middle of the document...
Sensory register (memory) is the component that holds incoming information for only two to three seconds. This is a combination of sensation and perception which is brought upon a person through the five senses; sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing. The sensory register takes these sensations and remembers them for only a few seconds before deciding which can be pushed into the next stage of
Running Head: Information Processing Theory 2
memory, the working memory stage. It has been said that the sensory register does not have enough time to pick and choose which thoughts are kept and which are thrown away, this stage of the memory is more involuntary then the others. The working memory is the component of memory that allows people to actually think about something and process a small amount of that information actively. Once in the sensory register, the brain determined whether or not to forward the information onto the working memory or to erase, or delete the information from the brain, once again using references to computers. As we get older, we are capable of thinking about more than one idea at a time and being able to process all the information that comes with it. While being able to think about more things at one time, the speed at which we do it is also increased. After awhile certain tasks become automatized, in other words things that need to be done are done almost without even thinking about doing them. Once this happens, these tasks take up much less room in the working memory, freeing more room for new and sometimes more complex tasks. The long-term memory is the component that is responsible for holding information and skills for a long period of time. Due to certain studies it has been shown that we are able to store information, long-term, very early on in life. As we get older our long-term memory grows and grows, compare it to a home library. One would start off with just a few books but eventually over time and purchasing more books the home library would grow. We can use the same idea to describe how our memory works, the more we learn the more our memory is able to store.
Each step in the memory process plays an important role in the overall act of remembering things. The central executive, “the regulator”, has to move information into and then out of the working memory because there is only so much space for information to be stored there. By determining which information is needed and which is not it frees up the space by either removing it or moving it to the
long-term memory. The brain determines which information is to be pushed forward and which is to be
Running Head: Information Processing Theory 3
“thrown away” by two main factors, our ability to focus and pay attention to the material. As children get...