Pro Choice Or Pro Life Essay

2633 words - 11 pages

ABORTION PRO CHOICE OR PRO LIFE
April 11, 2013
PROFESSOR DANIEL HAYNES
PHI 103 INFORMAL LOGIC

Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy and expulsion of fetus from the uterus resulting in or cause by death of the embryo. The debate over the legal and ethical viability of abortion has been complicated by the lack of consensus in defining whether the developing embryo can be equated as human life. Many people are constantly debating whether or not abortion should be allowed or not. I believe in Pro Choice which believes that woman should have the right to decide if she wants to abort a baby or not. In this paper, I will look at abortions critically and express why abortion should be ...view middle of the document...

This view is shared by the United States Supreme Court who ruled in 1973 case Roe v. Wade, that woman has the right to control their own bodies.
During the 1960’s and the early 1970’s, the United States began to repeal their bans on abortions. The vital case of Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 111 (1973), the United States Supreme Court stated that bans on abortion were unconstitutional in every state, legalizing abortion throughout the United States. This was an important decision made by the U.S. Supreme Court. The decision was taken to support the legal case of Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179 (1973), a companion case of abortion. The U.S. Supreme Court put forth the following judgment while dealing the case. The court held that a woman’s right to an abortion is determined by the stages of pregnancy, and the state cannot prohibit abortion before viability. Viability means potentially able to live outside the mother’s womb with artificial aid. Viability is usually place at twenty eight weeks, but sometimes can occur at twenty four weeks. After viability, the state cannot prohibit abortion if abortion is necessary, in appropriate medical judgment, for the preservation of the life or health of the mother. Roe v. Wade case flared up controversies based on moral and religious views that divided a portion of the nation into being pro-choice or pro-life.
In the case Roe v. Wade, the answer boils down to one of personal rights versus legitimate government interests. The government has a legitimate interest in protecting the life of an embryo or fetus, but embryos or fetus do have rights themselves unless and until it can be determined that they are human persons. Woman are considered to be human person but fetus are not until its personhood can be established. Therefore until the fetus is old enough to have rights of its own, the woman’s decision to terminate her own pregnancy is generally classified as a private right implicit in the Nine and Fourteenth Amendment, but there are other constitutional reason why a man has the right to terminate her pregnancy. The Fourth Amendment states that citizens have the right to be secure in their persons. The Thirteenth Amendment states that neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist in the United States. Scientific research has proven that even though the fetus starts to develop a face, arms, legs, etc by the tenth week, it doesn’t have a consciousness and it does not constitute as a human being. There have been many arguments over what is right and abortion and what is not. A fetus is not considered a human being and not believed not feel anything.
In the case of rape or incest a woman should be able to decide if she wants to continue with the pregnancy or not. A woman should not have to live through her attach more than what she can handle. Motherhood should never be a punishment for having sexual intercourse. President Barack Obama said in March 29, 2008 campaign speech in Johnston,...

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