Praxis: Chapter 3
Metaphor: a figure of speech in which an implied comparison is made between to unlike things that actually have something in common
Simile: a figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by like or as in “how like the winter hath my absence been” or “so are you to my thoughts as food to life”
Hyperbole: a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis as in I could sleep for a year or this book weighs a ton
Personification: a figure of speech in which inanimate objects or abstractions are endowed with human qualities or are represented as having human form. Flowers danced about.
Anthropomorphism: the attribution of a human form, human characteristics, or human behavior to nonhuman things, e.g. deities in mythology and animals in children's stories
Morpheme: The smallest meaningful element of speech or writing.
Alliteration: The repetition of the same sounds or of the ...view middle of the document...
The use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas.
Foundations of Reading
Metacognition: Cognition about cognition or knowing about knowing. Includes knowledge about when and how to use particular strategies for learning or for problem solving.
Language in Writing
Narrative: is a constructive format that describes a sequence of non-fictional or fictional events.
Syntax: the way in which linguistic elements as words are put together to form phrases or clauses. The study of the principals and processes by which sentences are constructed in particular languages.
Grammar: is the set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses and phrases and words in any given natural language.
Persuasive writing: could be referred to as a creative writing or an argument in which the speaker uses words to convince the reader of a writers view regarding an issue. It involves convincing the reader to perform and action or simply consist of an arguments convincing the reader of the writers point of view.
Simple Sentence (independent Clause): Contains a subject and a verb and it expresses a complete thought. Subject, verbs. A)Some students like to study in the mornings.B) Juan and Arturo play football every afternoon. C) Alicia goes to the library and studies every day.
B has a compound subject and C has a compound verb.
Sight Vocabulary: any word can be a sight word for an individual student. Those words that she can say instantly, without applying any form of word analysis, are in her sight vocabulary.
Phonemic Awareness: is a subset of phonological awareness in which listeners are able to hear, identify and manipulate phonemes, the smallest units of sound that can differentiate meaning. Separating the spoken word “cat” into three distinct phonemes “C – A – T” requires phonemic awareness. Understanding that words are made up of sounds.
Decoding: the ability to apply your knowledge of letter-sound relationships, including knowledge of letter patterns, to correctly pronounce written words.