Post Colonialism Essay

1124 words - 5 pages

Postcolonialism
By Patricia Waugh
Summarized by Syed Saad Mukhtar M.Phil English Literature 1st Semester The Islamia University of Bahawalpur

An academic discipline and theory featuring the methods of intellectual discourse that analyze, explain and respond to legacies of colonialism and imperialism, to the human consequences of controlling a country and establishing settlers for economic exploitation of native people and their land. The term postcolonialism addresses itself to historical, political, cultural and textual branches of colonial encounter between West and Non-West dating from 16th century to present day. Postcolonialism is thus a name for a critical theoretical approach in ...view middle of the document...

And thirdly, a strand whcih is regarded possibly less dominant nowadays, yet continues to be important, is influence of form-giving concepts derived from so-called postcolonial or Third World literature since 1950s, and of the critical frameworks initially designated ’Commonwealth’ through which they have been read. With increasing momentum after the end of World War II, anti-colonial nationalist movements took a more confrontational, no-compromise approach to
Copyright c 2014, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (www.aaai.org). All rights reserved.

decolonization than had their founders and predecessors. The demand was for complete independence.

Frantz Fanon
In his tripartite schema or ’panorama on three levels’ of anticolonial struggle, Frantz Fanon outlines how the first level of colonial assimilation will almost inevitably lead the politicized native on to a second phase of ’disturbance’. This second phase involves the reconstitution of identity through the reclamation of local cultural tradition. And from this stage, might eventually emerge a third or ’fighting phase’. In this last phase the native intellectual, to whom Fanon’s theory mainly applies, ’after having tried to lose himself in the people... will on contrary shake the people’. This theory of the three progressive stages of liberatory activism has been influential in the work of postcolonial critics, chief among them Edward Said. His crucial contribution was to point out that under colonial conditions the objective realm of material oppression involves the subjective realm (of being made to feel inferior). Fanon’s most controversial contribution to postcolonial theory is his argument concerning revolutionary violence as the most effective mode of opposition to the violence of colonial oppression.

Postcolonial nationalism and nations
The antinomies of postcolonial nationalist thinking highlight the fact that nationalism is itself an essentially contradictory political formation. It is what the political theorist Tom Naim has called Janus-faced: it looks bothto the past and to the future. The postcolonial nation has in practice, politically independent yet economically dependent ’new’ colony. The Indian writer-activist Arundhati Roy writes: ’Independence came (and went), elections come and gone, but there has been no shuffling of the deck’. Independence, far from offering food and freedom, has in fact presented people with a ’wooden loaf’.

Leading 20th Century Postcolonial thinkers
Nationalist developments after 1945 were profoundly important in shaping representations of the postcolonial world; Edward Said’s ground-breaking study, Orientalism (1978), marked the beginning of postcolonial studies. In the wake

work of Said, this has perhaps ben one of the definitive characteristics of postcolonialism criticism.

those postcolonial agenda has not diminished....

Other assignments on Post-Colonialism

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

2559 words - 11 pages seeking that justice will be done. Today, many witnesses and survivors of the genocide are confronted with not only physical but also psychological marks that cannot be deleted whatsoever. Thousands of Children are orphaned, women who were victims of sexual harassment and mutilation are now suffering of HIV/AIDS and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder while others have born children who remind them nothing else other than the awful experience they

End Of Cold War Essay

3878 words - 16 pages based on political and military power or hard power on the other words. Social power also peruses capability to produce effects on contemporary politics. Here it is important to notice that, social intellectuals like writer, novelist, artists, filmmakers, etc. also play a crucial role to create awareness among the people and further, to shape political and social changes. In the context of India, in the post-colonial age, India gave birth to so

State Led And Market Assisted Land Reforms

4318 words - 18 pages dynamize the demand for and the supply of land. Market-assisted land reforms consist of beneficiaries, assisted by the community and local government, receiving a combination of grants and loans from the public and private sectors which they use to negotiate the purchase of the land from willing sellers and to set up viable farms, (Deininger, 1999; 2001). STATE – LED LAND REFORM History During the period of colonialism, colonial masters invited

Reproductive Health Seeking Behavior Of The Young Female Tribal Workers In Chittagong: Implications On Fertility

4245 words - 17 pages of the tribal female workers in Chittagong focusing on the four elements of Reproductive health1. Family planning 2. Safe motherhood 3. Adolescent Reproductive Health and 4. HIV/AIDS/STIs awareness The study will also analyse the tendency of migration of the tribals and its implications urban population growth. As the sample population for the study are of 15-24 years, the respondents may be married or unmarried; adolescents or post adolescent

Economy Of India

9405 words - 38 pages Pre-liberalisation period (1947–1991) * 2.4 Post-liberalisation period (since 1991) * 3 Sectors * 3.1 Industry and services * 3.2 Agriculture * 3.3 Banking and finance * 3.4 Energy and power * 3.5 Infrastructure * 4 External trade and investment * 4.1 Global trade relations * 4.2 Balance of payments * 4.3 Foreign direct investment * 5 Currency * 6 Income and consumption * 7 Employment * 8

Mgt216

714 words - 3 pages The first ethical issue presented in the ethics game simulation was whether to warn consumers about the contaminated product and what information to provide consumers about the contaminant. The second ethical issue was whether to sell a product that does not meet U.S. safety requirements in a foreign market that has lower safety restrictions. G-BioSport was not required to meet prior approval from the Federal Drug Administration before they

Economy Effect Of Marijuana

277 words - 2 pages Modern American History by Alan Renga 2nd Mid Term! You will be given 3 Short Essay questions and 20 Multiple Choice questions deriving from this list! 80 points total! The 1920s Warren Harding then Calvin Coolidge Tea Pot Dome 1st Red Scare Immigration Restriction, Sacco and Vanzetti Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, KKK Prosperity, advertising Prohibition, Al Capone Flappers, Clara Bow, Rudolph Valentino Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey

The Vc Shakeout

2033 words - 9 pages ”). This has dramatically thrown out of whack investment multiples and returns industrywide. Further weakening the VC proposition to investors is the lengthening time to liquidity—owing in part to the credit crunch and stricter post-boom revenue requirements for start-ups (see the exhibit “Long Waits”). To be an attractive investment cat- egory, venture capital needs to offer competitive returns to alternatives on a riskadjusted basis. Part of

Hospitals Paper

6014 words - 25 pages I hope to provide in this paper a comprehensive understanding for what the term “hospital” has become. Hospitals are an extremely complex system that man has created and shaped and reshaped throughout history. My goal in writing and researching this paper will be to provide those who read it a clear understanding on how the hospital system got to where it is today, and to shed some light on the many organizations that affiliate with and

Course Syllabus

2610 words - 11 pages %). | |Assessment |In-Class Assessments | | |Pre/Post Tests | | |Homework

Management

1477 words - 6 pages Boeing Management Planning Heather Oetzel MGT 330 October 22, 2012 Joe Cheng Abstract Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us", 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the

Similar Documents

Postcolonial Concern In Achebe’s Novels Essay

1504 words - 7 pages So many words have been uttered while discussing of postcolonial studies, as it is a post modern way of intellectual discourse which shows analysis of the cultural legacies of colonialism and imperialism. In simplest and most familiar way, the hyphenated term post colonial means post or after the colonial period and it indicates something that happened after the end of formal colonization. Post-colonial has become useful because it raises large

Colonialism And Africa Essay

1734 words - 7 pages authority and how this affected the formation of the structures which exist in the post-colonial era. Lastly, the economic legacy of colonialism is analysed, and whether the failure of African states to prosper can be explained by colonial practices. State Formation Ever since the boundaries of Africa were drawn up in 1884/5, very little has changed in terms of the continent's territorial divisions. Much has been made of the fact that the

English Essay

1695 words - 7 pages Africa in the world of letters tries to emancipate Africa from its literary stereotype.Africa is no longer a gloomy phenomenon,a dark continent.Chinua Achebe, the major exponent of the modern African novel,is greatly concerned with the two realities of social man –his individual and group identity,the legacy of colonialism, and the shift in the system of values of life leading to rampant corruption- moral and monetary. He is also concerned with

Federal Archives Essay

5190 words - 21 pages MEMORY OF THE WORLD REGISTER The Federal Archives Fonds (Barbados) Ref N° 2008-01 PART A – ESSENTIAL INFORMATION 1 SUMMARY The West Indies Federation (1958-1962) was a political federation of ten territories in the Anglophone West Indies. Its formation signaled the beginning of a new era of decolonization for the region of the West Indies in the post-World War II period. The history of the West Indies