Policing, or variations of it, has become the national mantra of the American police. Throughout the United States, the language, symbolism, and programs of policing have sprung up in urban, suburban, and even rural police departments. For more than 15 years, and through at least one generation of police officers, community and problem-oriented policing
have been advanced by their advocates as powerful organizing themes for an
emergent style of public safety.
How these themes have influenced American policing is yet uncertain. The range and complexity of programs associated with police practices have often precluded systematic scientific investigation. Moreover, community ...view middle of the document...
According to Peel, the significant key for policing is "the police are the people and the people are the police." Peel believed that prevention of crime could be accomplished without intruding into the lives of citizens. With the development of the Metropolitan Police, Peel established several principles to his theory of policing. These principles are as relevant today as they were in the 1800's.
According to (Larabee, 2010) Sir Robert Peel's principles of community policing go hand- in- hand and share the same concepts and goals in policing. One of the distinct similarities between Peel's approach and Community Policing is that prevention of crimes is the number one priority. Community policing has many underlying principles. It bases the theory that crime prevention is the responsibility of the total community and that police and the community share ownership, responsibility, and accountability for the prevention of crime. Since Sir Robert Peel introduced his principles of policing in the early 1800s, our country has continued to follow his ideas of effective policing.
Expanding from Sir Peel’s concept of policing, there is a relationship between the U.S government and the policing organizations throughout the United States. There are two levels of police in the United States: Federal and State. The Federal Level includes organizations like the Federal Bureau of Investigations, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Drug Enforcement Administration etc. These organizations get their authority from Article 1 section 8 of the U.S. Constitution which ensures Congress' power to regulate taxes and interstate commerce. The FBI for example pursues criminals who have or are likely to cross state and country boundaries. The DEA enforces laws on substances that have a tax ban on them.
The state level has three sub-levels of police: State Trooper, County Sheriff and local or city Police. (Williams, 2007) State Troopers, also known as State Police and Highway Patrol, have jurisdiction across the entire state but mainly patrol areas and projects maintained and operated by other state level agencies, such as the Highways and State government buildings. County Sheriffs maintain and operate the...