Piaget’s contribution from birth to age 7
Birth and Death:
* Born August 9, 1896
* Died September 16, 1980
Jean Piaget's Early Life:
Jean Piaget was born in Switzerland in 1896 and began showing an interest in the natural sciences at a very early age. By age 11, he had already started his career as a researcher by writing a short paper on an albino sparrow. He continued to study the natural sciences and received his Ph.D. in Zoology from University of Neuchâtel in 1918.
Piaget later developed an interest in psychoanalysis, and spent a year working at a boys' institution created by Alfred Binet. Binet is known as the developer of the world's first intelligence test ...view middle of the document...
When new information is acquired, it can either be assimilated into existing schemas or accommodated through revising and existing schema or creating an entirely new category of information.
Eg. A 9 year old girl is given a hammer and nails to hang a picture on the wall. She has never used a hammer, but from observation and vicarious experience she realizes that the hammer is an object to be held, that is swung by the handle to hit the nail and it is usually swung a number of times. Recognizing each of these things, she fits her behavior into the information she already has (assimilation). However, the hammer is heavy so she holds it near the top. She wings too hard and the nail bends, so she adjusts the pressure of her strikes. These adjustments reveal her ability to alter slightly her conception of the world (accommodation).
Today, he is best known for his research on children's cognitive development. Piaget studied the intellectual development of his own three children and created a theory that described the stages that children pass through in the development of intelligence and formal thought processes.
The theory identifies four stages;
1. the sensorimotor stage,
2. the preoperational stage,
3. the concrete operational stage, and
4. the formal operation stage.
However I would only be looking at the first two stages, (The Sensorimotor Stage & The Preoperational Stage).
The Sensorimotor Stage
The Sensorimotor Stage lasts from birth to about 2 years of age. In this stage, infants construct an understanding of the world by coordinating sensory experiences such as seeing or hearing with physical, motoric actions. At the beginning of this stage, new borns have little more than...