PAPER # 1
The book The Republic by Plato, was written in Athens around 380 B.C. Around that time Plato wasn’t so happy with the conditions in Athens. This book is focused on the conception of justice and what it is to be just. This theory has been presented differently by each of the characters in the book, which are Cephalus, Polymarchus, Thrasymachus, and Glaucon. However, Socrates is the one who is given a challenge: to prove that justice is good and desirable.
The book starts off with Cephalus giving his own conception of justice, which he believes to be “justice is nothing more than honoring legal obligations and being honest”. However, Socrate’s counterexample ...view middle of the document...
Socrates has 3 arguments to go against what Thrasymachus stated. First he makes Thrasymachus understand and admit that his point of references view injustice as a virtue. However, injustice cannot in any way be a virtue because it is contrary to wisdom. With the thought of justice being a virtue of the soul being said, which in other words also means health of the soul , justice is good and is desirable because it means health of the soul. So a just soul means a healthy soul.
Glaucon on the other hand argues that people only behave in a just way because they are scared of the punishment for injustice. He points out that the unjust life is so much more pleasant than the just one. His brother, Adeimantus agrees and adds on that people praise justice for its consequences and not because they really want to. They both challenge Socrates to show how justice is good in itself and not only for its consequences.
Socrates explains that just itself is health. A just city is a healthy city. He divides the city into 3 parts: RULE, AUXILIARIES AND PRODUCERS. Rulers provide us with knowledge...