This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Philosophy Of Free Will And Theology

2028 words - 9 pages

The Problem of Evil
McCayley Hendricks
MWF-2pm
#3564
November 17, 2014

One of the most prominent arguments against the existence of God today would be the problem of evil. Not only is it a problem for Christians, who want to provide a defense for their faith, but it is also a problem for Christians, who being faced with suffering and pain on account of evil, and without knowing the thoughts or intentions of God, wish to reconcile the two ideas together. In spite of Mackie’s Logical Argument of Evil proving, some would say, that it is not possible for both God and evil to exist, I believe that it is in fact possible that they exist simultaneously. My reason for believing so stems from ...view middle of the document...

Mackie’s Logical Problem of Evil says:
1. God exists.
2. If God exists, then God is omnipotent.
3. If something is omnipotent, it can do anything.
4. If God exists, then God can do anything.
5. If God exists, then God is wholly good.
6. If something is wholly good, it always eliminates as much evil as it can.
7. If God exists, then God eliminates as much evil as God can.
8. If God exists, then God eliminates all evil.
9. If God exists, then there is no evil.
10. BUT, evil exists.
11. Therefore God does not exist.
Now as theists this doesn’t sit well with us because if we were to refute it and say that God does exist then it would be to the exclusion of evil, which would make us look ignoramus, because we know, based on the experiences we have had, that in fact evil does exist. So our only other possibility would be to say God doesn’t exist or to diminish the deity of God, either God can’t stop evil or he doesn’t desire to stop evil, thus proving His inexistence.
Though the argument above may prove intimidating because of its logical consistency and the ensnaring nature of its wording, there are some ambiguous or incorrectly defined words that I would like to shed some light on. The first would be omnipotence, which is described as “can do anything” in the Logical Argument. I do not oppose the definition completely, although I think “power to do all things” is better, rather I would like to add some helpful information to the idea of omnipotence. In the Logical Argument if I, as a theist, were to say that God and evil do exist the result would be that then God would not be able to stop evil, meaning it would be an impossibility for God to stop evil from happening. With the idea of impossibility C.S. Lewis in his book “The Problem of Pain”, sets forth the idea that with impossibility comes a “suppressed clause” which utilizes the word, unless. So for example, “I can’t tie my shoe, unless it were first untied.” The task is impossible because the “unless” hasn’t occurred. Now there are also such things called “absolute impossibilities” which Lewis describes as something that, “is intrinsically impossible for it carries within itself impossibility, so for all conditions, in all worlds, and for all agents (including God).” This implies a statement such as “Evil can’t be done away with unless nature was different than it is.” To this the response would be “I don’t think nature could be different than it is” proving that this is an absolute impossibility, because it carries impossibility within itself. “It is no more possible for God than for the weakest of His creatures to carry out both of two mutually exclusive alternatives; not because His power meets an obstacle, but because nonsense remains nonsense even when we talk it about God.” Therefore, omnipotence is not just “can do anything”; it is an idea that incorporates restraint, and those restraints we will revisit with the introduction of the Free-Will Defense.
The second term I...

Other assignments on Philosophy Of Free Will And Theology

Theology 525 Db1 Essay

462 words - 2 pages the Old and New Testament, church history, missions, and counseling. “Biblical theology is simply theology that is biblical, that is, based on and faithful to the teachings of the Bible.” Millard J. Erickson also refers to Biblical theology as “the right kind of theology”. Systematic theology that is taken directly from Scripture will correlate similarly with Biblical theology. Historical theology is the study of the church and the

Momm Essay

379 words - 2 pages Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that is concerned with the nature of existence. Metaphysics is concerned with explaining the ways things are by trying to answer the question “What is”, “what is reality”, what is free will”. It encompasses everything that exists, as well as the nature of existence itself. Compared to other branches of Philosophy such as epistemology that deals with things like the sources of justification, knowledge

Theology Short Essay 1

952 words - 4 pages work out, a divorce will not be needed. In Scripture, both the Old and New Testament reference divorce. In the Old Testament, divorce was only allowed to be initiated by the man. Deuteronomy 24 tells of the divorce laws and grounds needed during that time (NIV). However, the New Testament allows divorce to be initiated by either party under certain circumstances. Matthew 5:31-32 says that the only grounds for a divorce is if the “one flesh” is

Fidesetratio77

264 words - 2 pages Philosophy and Theology will shoulder the future of the diocese. The diocese is also in various avenues to spread the Gospel and to suit with the demands of the present world. Recently, the newspaper, on-air radio and website of the diocese were launched to help the Catholic TV13 to attract people especially the youth. On the year 2010, to aid and give assistance to our wounded and priests in advanced age, Priests’ home was opened. On 2011 St. There Monastery was built. With 385 000 Catholics of 400 000 inhabitants who populate the 34 parishes/quasi-parishes, the Diocese of Borongan is a witness of God’s profound love for His people, Church.

John Welsey

4666 words - 19 pages regardless of their religious views, color of their skin, and gender. He was a man of the people for the people. In each of his sermons, Wesley communicates his theology and demonstrates his interpretation of Scripture. His messages will and have stood the test of time. His sermons are of interest as present day instruction and inspiration for contemporary Christians, as well as for historical insight into the widespread religious revival that shaped the Holiness movement and modern Methodism.

Why Was Socrates Regarded As A Man Of Virtue?

7161 words - 29 pages the explanation of the material world. The work of these key philosophers was succeeded by the Stoics and Epicureans who were also concerned with practical aspects of philosophy and the attainment of happiness. Other notable successors are Pyrrho‘s school of skepticismand the Neoplatonists such as Plotinus who tried to unify Plato’s thought with theology. Ancient Greece has been one of the most influential civilizations in the history of

Global Wine Wars

995 words - 4 pages High School in Georgia and graduated in sociology from Morehouse College in Atlanta. After studying theology at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania, he pursued his doctoral studies in systematic theology at Boston University. King was awarded the Doctor of philosophy on June 5, 1955. Achievements of Martin Luther King Jr. The greatest achievement of King was undoubtedly as a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement. He defended the

Thomas Aquino

1291 words - 6 pages -and were in favour of a more empirical and rational knowledge-. Religion and philosophy were largely mixed. The task of philosophical theology was to clarify, determine and explain the existence of God. How were philosophers supposed to do it? What are the different approaches taken by two of the most important medieval thinkers –Anselm of Canterbury and Thomas Aquinas-, and how do they differ? ***** Both Thomas Aquinas and

Entwistle Review

1109 words - 5 pages honesty, humility, and respectfulness through epistemology. By using these virtues it will help us evaluate ourselves in order to better ourselves. Entwistle introduces us to his five models that show the relationship between psychology and theology. The five models are enemies, spies, colonialists, neutral parties, and allies as subjects of one sovereign. Those who follow the enemy model are those who take an either/or position on psychology versus

Fair Credit Reporting Act

1707 words - 7 pages for Muslims to hold separate philosophical and theological beliefs? A. Islam is one of some religion that has two ideas of philosophy and theology satisfying together. Philosophy is the one who study logic existence of knowledge, and values, the reason of language and mind. On the other hand is the theology the theology is the study of religion and it is influences and of the nature of religious and the truths. Islam uses many way for

Analyzing Messages

1207 words - 5 pages get signed up.Questions? Please feel free to send me an email or give me a call. We look forward to hearing from you soon Larry Gulledge Admissions Representative Iliff School of Theology Denver CO 80210 303-765-3118 Appendix C FROM: Greg Leslie TO: Gulledge, Larry Friday, June 8, 2012 7:23 PM Larry, Thank you for your quick response to my inquiry about Iliff. I received the packed that you sent me and reviewed the information. I

Similar Documents

The Fate And Free Will Of Man

449 words - 2 pages Rachel Urvina Kimberly Roff Humanities II [ 8 July 2012 ] The Fate and Free Will of Man Throughout time there has always seemed to be an argument over the question of man being able to control his own destiny by free will or if he must just accept the fate that was laid before him from the Gods above? In the Greek Tragedy Oedipus the King, the play clearly illustrates the struggle and tension between the two conflicting entities between

Relevance Of Free Will In The Criminal Justice

741 words - 3 pages individual knows the difference between right and wrong, both of them should be responsible, due to free will. The allegiance of courts and legislatures to free will has not necessarily reflected their conviction that it is an accurate description of the cause of human behavior (Cotton, 2005). However, they also initiated that any acceptance of determinism could ultimately lead to complete displacement of free will in the criminal law. On the other

Posithis Article Will Look At Organ Transplant And The Role It Has And Is Playing Out In Our Society: Will Also Look At The Cost Of This Procedures And Who Is Most Likely To Receive An Organ. We Will...

314 words - 2 pages This article will look at organ transplant and the role it has and is playing out in our society: will also look at the cost of this procedures and who is most likely to receive an organ. We will also look at how this procedure is done and if it is done in accordance with medial guidelines as well as how many are done on a monthly basis and who qualifies for that organ. Organ donation has become very important for people who have organ problems

The Internet Will Bring About A New Freedom Of Information And So Narrow The Technology Gap Between Developed And Developing Countries

415 words - 2 pages The Internet will bring about a new freedom of information and so narrow the technology gap between developed and developing countries. The Internet has emerged as the most rapidly adopted communication mean in history. For the last decades it has built bridges between almost all corners of the world and created the greatest depository of all kinds of information. Access to these new technologies enabled rapid development of all countries