PHI 101 10178
Utilitarianism is based on a person’s measure of happiness from a utility prospective. The belief is the moral value is determined by its measured utility in providing someone with pleasure or happiness. Utility is described in the text as property in any object that tends to produce advantage, pleasure, good or happiness is to prevent mischief or evil doing to the individual or community.
Kantianism is Kant’s view that that moral value was based on an individual using his or her own rational faculties as described in the text chapter nine. Faculties are reference to our intellectual minds. Kant believed a person needed to develop a clear understanding of the ...view middle of the document...
The utilitarian would view their donation as good although they would view the preachers’ acts as bad. The end is their acts are right and his wrong.
Self consciousness as believed by Locke is our memory and accompanies thinking with the abilities reason. Consciousness is the thinking of what a person is doing at all times such as reading their thinking about what they are reading. Locke believed the essence of the self is consciousness awareness of self and personal identity. Contradiction to this theory would be the forgotten thoughts which Locke considers as just self existing. A person is always existing but doesn’t always have conscious thought of actions.
Kant’s version of we construct the self through our experiences giving us knowledge. He believes are minds are using constructive activity is the use of raw data and of experience and process it into familiar or ordered thoughts. The development inside the mind is a natural occurring awareness. The contradiction for this theory would be the transcendental...