Personality Theories Essay

974 words - 4 pages

Personality Overview


Theories of Personality
What is Personality? Personality is what makes people behave in a certain way, think a certain way, and feel a certain way. It basically sums up who we are as an individual. "Although no single definition is acceptable to all personality theorists, we can say that personality is a pattern of relatively permanent traits and unique characteristics that give both consistency and individuality to a person's behavior." (Feist and Feist, 2009, p. 4) There is so much more to personality than just emotions and thoughts; we also have theories of personality. First there is Erik Erikson’s Theory of ...view middle of the document...

” (“Personality Type Explained”, 2007-2013, p. 1) Out of the four criteria’s that were just listed, we can get 16 different personality types. Some personality types would be the following; ENTJ, ISTP, ISFP, INFJ, and much more.

Deterministic Vs. Free Will
When we think of personality, do we think about what influences us to behave and act in a certain way? There are several factors that influence an individual’s personality development. Some of those factors are the following; heredity, physique, endocrine glands, nervous system, environment factors, and much more (Sharma, 2012). Personality can be hereditary, and by hereditary that means passed down in genes from a parent to their offspring. Things that are hereditary in personality can be things like intelligence, complexion, physique, being funny, etc. (Sharma, 2012). Physique is also a factor that influences our personality. “Physique refers to the relatively enduring, biological makeup and liabilities of an individual resulting from both genetic and environmental influences which determine his reactive potentialities.” (Sharma, 2012, p. 1)
“The endocrine glands are characterized for interaction and interdependence. These glands secrete hormones. Any over-activity or under-activity of these glands can cause increase or decrease in hormones resulting in a personality disorder.” (Sharma, 2012, p. 1) The glands include the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and the gonads (Sharma, 2012). An example would be the following; the parathyroid is responsible for calcium equilibrium in the body, and any slight over-activity of this gland can cause irritation, emotional instability, and much more (Sharma, 2012).
The nervous system is another factor that can influence personality development. “The autonomic nervous system and the central nervous system are responsible for personality development.” (Sharma, 2012, p. 1) The environment is a major factor that influences personality development. The environment affects us in every way except for our genes (Sharma, 2012). Our environment is everything from home life, school, maturation, early experiences, successes and failures (Sharma, 2012). The home life of an individual is very important because the home...

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