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Palestine Essay

1715 words - 7 pages

Crystal McManus
New Testament

There were many issues during the time of the first century Palestine. Throughout this paper, you will see the way things were handled and the consequences that unfolded during this time period.

First Century Palestine
Jesus Christ is the son of God. He is the messiah, or savior of the world. Around the time he was born, Israel was ruled by the Romans. The people of Israel during the first century were a very diverse group of people. They all shared different views and perspectives on life. They used to be a unified group during the first temple times; however this changed during the time of the second temple. During the exile, people ...view middle of the document...

They controlled the religious rulers, who were the Pharisees and the Sadducees. When Rome took over the government, they would make a deal with religious rulers as a way of manipulating and controlling them. The deal was they could stay in their positions of power as long as they controlled there people. So not only were the Romans the cause of the problem, the religious rulers were too because of being persuaded to do so. Their main method of power was fear, intimidation, and manipulation. The Essenes and Zealots were on the peoples sides and were at odds with the religious rulers who were controlling them. They wanted to have freedom for their people; they wanted to end the control.
The potential solution to the problem according to the Romans was control. They thought if they could keep intimidating people through fear that it would help keep things under control. They would bribe the religious rulers and so that they would keep their positions of power and obey them. The Romans had them literally fear Christ if they did not obey them. The Essenes and the Zealots feared God and were in search of the Messiah. Their view on the messiah was very different though. The four different religious groups during this time were the Zealots, Pharisees, Sadducees, and the Essenes. They were all very different form one another.
“A Zealot was a member of a fanatical Jewish sect that militantly opposed the Roman domination of Palestine during the first century A. D” (Christ is Alive). The Zealots believed that God would deliver Israel with the sword. One of Jesus’ Disciples was a Zealot as well (Reed, 2012). The reason they believed this was because of the days of David. Whenever there was a problem with the Gentiles, David would take out his sword and God was right there on his side. They believed that God would send his son to do the same. Something amazing is the way God worked in this situation. Simon being one of Jesus’ disciples was a Zealot. Matthew is a tax collector and tax collectors and zealots did not get along in the slightest form. However, Jesus knew that his father’s kingdom was so much bigger than the hate stirred up between the two. The zealots believed that change could only occur in the rulers. They thought it would be against Christ to obey the Roman emperor because they believed that God was Israel’s king. The Zealots believed that if a messiah were to come he would overthrow the governments, assert his power, and become king through force.
The Pharisees were keepers of the law. The Apostle Paul admitted to being a Pharisee in Acts 23:6 “Paul realized that some members of the high council were Sadducees and some were Pharisees, so he shouted, "Brothers, I am a Pharisee, as were my ancestors! And I am on trial because my hope is in the resurrection of the dead!" They were very hostile to Jesus and Jesus’s ministry as a whole. They believed in the 46 books of the Oral Tradition that was passed down by Moses to the elders and they...

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