The United States first began the invasion of Afghanistan in October of 2001. Since then, the ensuing war has taken many turns, the most significant of which came when Al Qaeda's figurehead and 9/11 mastermind Osama Bin Laden was captured from Afghanistan. The two statements that just followed provide a significant number of anomalies to foreign policy experts.
Firstly, the country of Afghanistan never declared war on the United States or ever officially threatened its sovereignty. Secondly, the main aim for the U.S invasion of Afghanistan, at least in theory was to capture and kill Osama Bin Laden and Al Qaeda, but has since not only shifted to become a war against the ...view middle of the document...
The word conflict could imply anything; from the "war in Afghanistan" to the "war on terror' and on to the "drone strikes within Pakistan". For the purpose of this paper, the major conflict would remain the initial invasion of Afghanistan, since it is from this initial invasion that all other minor tributaries of conflicts have emerged. The history of conflict is not a redundant issue, rather, only by analyzing important events in the history of conflict can it be determined whether the resulting actions taken in the light of those events are just or not. Additionally, the nature of the conflict is important, as it has the potential to impact several major players in the region, namely Pakistan, India and China. It is also important to understand the nature of the conflict to justify the premise of the paper, which is that drone strikes ensuing in the aftermath of this ongoing conflict are morally evil and administratively evil.
Now that Osama Bin Laden is dead, there are still about 90 thousand American soldiers in Afghanistan. The presence of these troops has remained a cause for concern for China, who is Pakistan's largest trading partner and an important military ally. On the other hand, Pakistan which has shaped the future of Afghanistan for the past three decades and houses the largest ethnic Afghan city in terms of population, sees the dominant American influence as a threat to its own. Americas encouraging response to Indian involvement in the reconstruction of Afghanistan has the potential of being viewed as a direct challenge to its security by Pakistan. Especially since the raid inside Pakistan by a special American taskforce, Pakistan has increased military presence in its border region, and often times Pakistani troops have come in direct conflict with NATO/US troops. For instance, on November 26th, upto 28 Pakistani soldiers were killed by friendly NATO fire, which it was later revealed was conducted in self defense. This means that either Pakistani troops were under order to open fire on American/NATO helicopters, or that NATO/American forces refused cede from Pakistani territory knowing that they were under fire by Pakistani forces.
Nature Of Drone Strikes
The United States Department of Defense defines drones as an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that does not carry a human operator, can fly autonomously, or be piloted remotely, can be expendable or recoverable and can carry a lethal or nonlethal payload. Although it is unclear as to when the first drones were actually made, their use in the Gulf war of 1991 is probably the first documented case of their widespread usage. The first drone strike in this region took place in 2001 when a missile fired through a drone killed an Al Qaeda leader named Mohammed Atef in the Afghan city of Jalalabad. Drone strikes in Pakistan began in 2004 and their usage increased dramatically in 2008 under president Obama and continued to increased in 2009 and 2010.
Though America is not the only...