Osteoporosis Essay

953 words - 4 pages

Osteoporosis affects millions of people in the United States. The most affected age group is post menopausal women and the elderly. As many as 32% of women and 17% of men up to the age of 90 will suffer at least one fracture of the hip, spine, wrist, or other susceptible bone attributable to osteoporosis ( Pamela W McCoy, Dec 2001). Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bone tissue deteriorates to a point where the bone becomes fragile and may fracture with minimal trauma.
There are many risk factors for osteoporosis. These include; genetic, nutritional and behavioral. For many years there has been research to find treatment for osteoporosis. For postmenopausal women the drug that is ...view middle of the document...

People with osteoporosis can limit their interactions with others or their involvements within groups, because they may not be able to move as freely or perform activities of their daily livings as well. They may not be able to travel long distances to visit their loved ones. Because of this their love and belonging needs are unmet. This can also chain up to esteem and recognition needs which are also unmet. The perception of the individual may not be adequate; he or she may feel worthless. All these unmet needs of course result in the need to meet the last level of the human need hierarchy which is self-actualization because they are unable to achieve potential and grow and improve.
There are many NANDA’s that would apply to this health problem. An example of three would be: Pain, because the deformities osteoporosis causes are painful; Risk for injury, because people with osteoporosis are at higher risk for fractures. Osteoporosis results in more than 1.3 million fractures in the United States (Jeannette E South-Paul, Mar 1, 2001); Bathing/hygiene self-care deficit because due to deformities people are not able to move freely or are not as flexible to do simple activities such as bathing or personal hygiene.
Some goals or patient outcomes would be that the patients’ strength and function would increase to reduce some bone fragility. We as nurses want the patient to verbalize and communicate the need for assistance when the individual needs help. And of course we need the patient to feel independent, too. So we need the patient to utilize modified techniques, or special equipment to perform self-care needs.
As a nurse it is very important to educate patient about the disease and how it progresses. With good education the patient is aware about the disease and can easily understand how to prevent complications. According to Hellekson, Karen L. PH.D (7/1/2002) fracture prevention is the primary...

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