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One Day Food Intake Essay

1250 words - 5 pages

One Day Food Intake

One Day Food Intake
Los alimentos brindan los nutrientes y la energía que el cuerpo necesita para estar sano y poder efectuar las labores diarias. Estos nutrientes se comprenden en ciertos grupos básicos de los cuales están los lípidos, los carbohidratos, las proteínas, los minerales y las vitaminas (Roman, 2010). Como parte de la clase Nutrición Humana SCI/220 se estará recopilando el consumo de alimentos durante un día regular. El mismo será comparado con las Referencias Diarias de Consumo, de aquí en adelante nombradas como DRI, por sus siglas en ingles. Dichas referencias son un conjunto de valores para el consumo de energía, nutrientes y componentes de los ...view middle of the document...

No obstante, el consumo calórico estuvo por debajo de los límites que establece el DRI, sugiriendo un consumo calórico para un proceso de disminución de peso, los valores de los nutrientes no establecen, en su mayoría una buena alimentación. A continuación, se desglosará por específico.
En el renglón de las grasas, se ven representadas aquellas que se han comprobado que presentan daño a la salud, al igual aquellas que son necesarias para el buen funcionamiento. En las grasas saturadas se observa una recomendación de consumo de menos de 28.2 gramos. Basados en esto, el consumo de grasas saturadas se mantuvo dentro de las especificaciones, siendo éste de 19.2 gramos. Las grasas “trans” no deben ser consumidas como recomendación general, en este caso las mismas fueron consumidas representando un 2.6 gramos. Aunque no es una cantidad exuberante, la misma puede ser minimizada. El Omega 6 y el Omega 3 fueron consumidos en menor cantidad según lo establecido por los DRI. Estos de consideran ácidos grasos esenciales y su ausencia puede causar difusión en la tiroide, también produce la diabetes, dado que para poder producir energía, es necesario que la azúcar pueda llegar a la celular, situación que se dificulta cuando las membranas son débiles, reacción a el aceite esencial Omega 3. El colesterol también sube a la ausencia de dichos ácidos.
El consumo del colesterol se mantuvo dentro de los límites, siendo éste 289mg contra 300mg recomendados. En base al peso del cuerpo, se sugirió 60g de proteína, fueron consumidos 88g. Pero es importante señalar, que esta recomendación puede variar dependiendo del régimen atlético de la persona evaluada. Existen dietas donde el consumo de proteína aumenta para así poder adquirir mayor masa muscular. Basado en una actividad física de una hora diaria, los 88 gramos no representan peligro.
En cuanto a los componente vitamínicos, todos sobrepasaron los niveles sugeridos, exceptuando el potasio, el hierro y la vitamina E. En el caso específico del potasio, el consumo del mismo se redujo a la mitad. El hierro alcanzo un 82% del sugerido y la vitamina E, siendo éste el caso más drástico, solo un 22% de la cantidad recomendada por los DRI. Por el contrario, también se percibe un consumo exagerado en ciertas vitaminas como la riboflavina y la niacina, alcanzando éstos un consumo de 235% y 285% respectivamente.
Analizando estos últimos hallazgos individualmente, la reducción del potasio de manera constante en la dieta puede causar altos niveles en la presión arterial. Éste es esencial para que funcionen las células, los órganos y tejidos. También su ausencia puede causar condiciones en los riñones. Por ende, una de las recomendaciones es el aumento en alimentos que posean potasio, entre éstos, las hortalizas como el brócoli, tomates y batatas. Hay frutas con alto contenido de potasio como el Kiwi, los...

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