Omissions In Translating Subtitles Essay

7905 words - 32 pages

1. FILM TRANSLATION

1. THE SPECIFIC FEATURES OF FILM TRANSLATION
Film translation is a relatively new branch of translation studies. At the onset of the film making history all productions were silent movies. Ironically this technical difficulty made the early film industry a highly international phenomenon. At that time German, French, Italian and British films were vastly more popular than they are today with only a third of films screened in America being domestic productions. (Cronin, 2009: 2) First films have been translated in Europe during the 1930’s, though the word “translation” may not adequately portrait the process. At that time big film studios simply produced a few ...view middle of the document...

(Remael 2001: 14) The task of the translator is to translate, not only the script, but the entire sense of the message, taking into consideration all the elements used to construct it. This is made even more difficult because of the intercultural and sometimes even intercivilisational character of this process. This causes some elements constructing the message, on which the translator has no influence, to be understood differently by source and target audiences. (Garcarz 2007: 22)
Film itself is sometimes referred to as a language. The moving image is being sometimes seen as universal means of communication, providing a bridge between other divisive languages. (Cronin 2009: 1) This interpretation means that, as all other languages, films convey thought, enable communication, help understanding and express abstract concepts. (Płażewski 1982: 16-23) From the point of view of a film translator this is another example of how his work varies from other translations. If we assume film to be a language, we have to keep in mind that the translator only has influence over a limited part of it. They can only change the dialogues and a few minor visual elements, the rest of the ‘language’, like music, sound effects, actors etc. cannot be translated. It sometimes forces the translator to make decisions which they would not have made while translating literature.
The translator is also limited in his work by technical limitations and requirements. The used type of translation method dictates the choice of translation techniques. (Tomaszkiewicz 2006: 103) It is also the main cause of most changes in the text. The same film translated using subtitles may vary significantly from its dubbed version, because in the first one factors like the average speed of reading, available space and many others need to be taken into consideration.
At this point it is important to explain the terminology which is being used in the rest of this paper. I will follow Garcarz’s (2007: 150-151) assumption that there are three major terms used to describe the process of translation. The broadest one is a translation method which describes the form which will be taken by the target text, such as subtitles or dubbing in the case of film translation. Translation strategy is a narrower term which describes the norms, both internal and external, which the translator will follow while rendering the target text version. The last of the three terms used in this paper is a translation technique which refers to the specific choices made by the translator within a text. They are not the same in every part of the translated work, but their choice depends heavily on context.
Film translators usually also face stricter legal restrictions on their work, which forces a choice of a translation strategy. The use of swearwords is a good example; if the translator decides to use them they exclude a part of the potential target audience, because the film would most likely be...

Other assignments on Omissions In Translating Subtitles

Course Syllabus Essay

2610 words - 11 pages diverse student population to reach their goals in their path of preference such as baccalaureate transfer, workforce development, adult or continuing education. Our dedicated faculty will guide our students in constructing the necessary elements that will help them succeed in their math classes, and also encourage and motivate them to participate in college wide activities. We are committed to preparing our students to be productive, contributing

Management Essay

1477 words - 6 pages . Planning allows organizations to develop how the customers’ needs can be met, what is expected out of the company, and the environment. The structure of management helps accommodate the need for experience and expertise on important factors. Some of these factors are legal issues, ethics, and corporate social responsibility instead of just focusing on the profits. The Planning Function of Management Boeing was started in 1916 by William Edward

Assisted Suicide

1015 words - 5 pages Should physician-assisted suicide be legal? While I believe if one chooses to end his or own life through physician assistance for reasons that they chose, the choice should be up to the individual. Physician-assisted suicide should be at one's discretion. “Assisted Suicide, also called Voluntary Euthanasia, is currently a contentious issue in many countries. Because Euthanasia is legal in a few modern democracies: the Netherlands, Belgium

Tanglewood Case 1

797 words - 4 pages Tanglewood’s staffing strategy requires the organization to make key decisions about the acquisition, deployment, and retention of the organization’s workforce. In order to accomplish this, Tanglewood’s must make thirteen decisions regarding its staffing levels and its staffing quality. One of the first decisions that Tanglewood needs to choose is to acquire or develop talent. Tanglewood should try to develop their current talent because one

Nnnnn

1391 words - 6 pages Есе по въпроса: Кои от всички „действащи” лица могат да се разглеждат като морално отговорни и в какво именно? по казуса Форд „Пинто” Корпоративните злодеяния са нанесли повече вреди на обществото от всички улични престъпления взети заедно. Според данни на ФБР сумата от уличните престъпления възлиза на $3.8 млрд. годишно, а загубите от корпоративните измами между $100 млрд. и $400 млрд. годишно

The Penis

1052 words - 5 pages then looks in his wallet to examine how much money he had spent or if he has any cocaine left or anything else, which could give him a clue of what he has been doing. He finds something strange inside his pocket. In his pocket he finds a penis, with balls, and pubic hair. This appears very incongruous to me, because I had not expected that he would find a penis in his pocket, maybe cocaine, which Hanif Kureishi had prepared the ground to. Alfie

Managed Care Paper

543 words - 3 pages confidentiality, and the interruption and termination of services (Apgar, 2000). Manage care companies may attempt to contain cost by limiting the types and length of certain covered treatments. According to, Ethical Issues and Dilemmas for Social Workers Practicing in Managed Care Environment, “Often in the manage care environment, social workers may feel pressure to serve those who cross their paths. The social service professional must be aware that ethical

Media

439 words - 2 pages The life expectancy is lower; so people are not kept alive with drugs for decades in a virtual sleep state. There is less state education; so kids don't have it drilled into them that their only goal in life is to make money, at the cost of 'everything' else. The health care is less; so diseases, usually brought by Westerners, kill many more than they do in countries where drug companies can make a fortune from selling medicines that aren't

Chapter 6 International Business

7113 words - 29 pages CGGGG The Political Economy of International Trade Chapter Outline OPENING CASE: Why Are Global Food Prices Soaring? INTRODUCTION INSTRUMENTS OF TRADE POLICY Tariffs Subsides Country Focus: Subsidized Wheat Production in Japan Import Quotas and Voluntary Export Restraints Local Content Requirements Administrative Polices Antidumping Policies Management Focus: U.S. Magnesium

Scope And Goals

279 words - 2 pages Introduction: Kudler Fine Foods is a specialty food store based in San Diego, California with its three locations in La Jolla, Del Mar, and Encinitas. Kudler Fine food prides itself on offering fresh and organic products that are carefully selected from local farmers and around the world. The organization has recently taken the initiative to start a Frequent Shopper Program to market and increase sales. This program will offer the customers a

Meerkat

251 words - 2 pages Meerkat The meerkat or suricate, Suricata suricatta, is a small mammal belonging to the mongoose family. Meerkats live in all parts of theKalahari Desert in Botswana, in much of the Namib Desert in Namibia and southwestern Angola, and in South Africa. A group of meerkats is called a "mob", "gang" or "clan". A meerkat clan often contains about 20 meerkats, but some super-families have 50 or more members. In captivity, meerkats have an average

Similar Documents

Mgt216 Essay

714 words - 3 pages The first ethical issue presented in the ethics game simulation was whether to warn consumers about the contaminated product and what information to provide consumers about the contaminant. The second ethical issue was whether to sell a product that does not meet U.S. safety requirements in a foreign market that has lower safety restrictions. G-BioSport was not required to meet prior approval from the Federal Drug Administration before they

Economy Effect Of Marijuana Essay

277 words - 2 pages Modern American History by Alan Renga 2nd Mid Term! You will be given 3 Short Essay questions and 20 Multiple Choice questions deriving from this list! 80 points total! The 1920s Warren Harding then Calvin Coolidge Tea Pot Dome 1st Red Scare Immigration Restriction, Sacco and Vanzetti Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, KKK Prosperity, advertising Prohibition, Al Capone Flappers, Clara Bow, Rudolph Valentino Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey

The Vc Shakeout Essay

2033 words - 9 pages ECONOMY 26 Luring a big firm to town is not the secret to job growth DEFEND YOUR RESEARCH 30 Are morning people wired for success? VISION STATEMENT 32 The social web’s east-west divide COLUMN 38 Warren Bennis looks back on his surprising path to fame New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org FIRST The VC Shakeout Venture capital hasn’t worked for a decade and must be radically

Hospitals Paper

6014 words - 25 pages I hope to provide in this paper a comprehensive understanding for what the term “hospital” has become. Hospitals are an extremely complex system that man has created and shaped and reshaped throughout history. My goal in writing and researching this paper will be to provide those who read it a clear understanding on how the hospital system got to where it is today, and to shed some light on the many organizations that affiliate with and