# Om White Psper Essay

1312 words - 6 pages

Line Balancing

Group Members
Sr. No. | Member Name | PRN |
1 | Bhushan Daga | 15020841130 |
2 | Kanika Gulati | 15020841176 |
3 | Parantak Soni | 15020841147 |
4 | Priyank Singhvi | 15020841150 |
5 | Ridhi Choudhary | 15020841154 |
6 | Snehil Bhadkamkar | 15020841162 |

Introduction
Production capacity required for production lines is determined by Product Design and the market demand. Once the production capacity is determined information like number of workers, attended and unattended machines is required. Line balancing at its core tries to equally divide work to be done among workstations. The objective is to minimize No. of workers or workstations required on a ...view middle of the document...

39 | H | - | 0.90 |
B | - | 0.25 | I | - | 0.60 |
C | - | 0.40 | J | H,I,G | 0.40 |
D | - | 0.05 | K | J | 0.30 |
E | A,B | 0.49 | L | K | 0.25 |
F | C,D | 0.65 | | TOTAL | 5.07 |
G | E,F | 0.39 | | | |
If 100 burgers per hour must be prepared by the crew and 50 minutes per hour must be prepared by the crew and 50 minutes per hour are productive:
a.Draw a diagram of the precedence relationships.
b. Compute the cycle time per burger in minutes.
c. Compute the minimum number of workstations required.
d. How would you combine tasks into workstations to minimize idle time? Use the incremental utilization heuristic. Evaluate your proposal.
Solution:
a. Compute the cycle time per burger:
Cycle time= Productive time/ hour = 50 minutes/hour = 0.50 minute/burger
Demand/ hour 100 burgers/ hour

b. Compute the minimum number of workstations:
Minimum no. of workstations = Sum of task times x Demand/hour
Productive time/hour
= 5.07 minutes/burger x 100 burgers/hour
50 minutes/hour
= 10.14 workstations

Work Station | Task | Min/Burger | No. of work stations | Actual no. of work stations | Utilization |
1. | A,B,E | 0.39+0.25+0.49= 1.13 | 2.26 | 3 | 75 |
2 | C,D,F | 0.40+0.05+0.65= 1.1 | 2.2 | 3 | 73 |
3. | G,E,F | 1.13+1.1+0.39= 2.62 | 5.24 | 6 | 87 |
4. | G,H,I,J | 2.62+0.9+0.6+0.4= 4.52 | 9.04 | 10 | 90.4 |
5. | J,K | 4.52+0.3= 4.82 | 9.64 | 10 | 96.4 |
6. | K,L | 4.82+0.25= 5.07 | 10.14 | 11 | 92 |
| | TOTAL | | 11 | |

If each and every task time is less than or equal to the cycle-time and if the primary focus of the analysis of production lines is minimizing the number of workstations and the amount of tools and equipments required,then this heuristic would be appropriate.

* Difficult tasks are assigned as quickly as possible.
* Shorter tasks are saved for fine tuning solution.
* Appropriate when one or more task is less or equal to cycle time.
* There can be no duplicate work stations.
* This has the effect of assigning as quickly as possible the tasks that are the most difficult to fit into a station.

Example
Work Element | Immediate Predecessor | Task Time (seconds) |
A | None | 50 |
B | A | 5 |
C | B | 25 |
D | C | 15 |
E | D | 12 |
F | D | 10 |
G | D | 15 |
H | E,F,G | 18 |
I | H | 15 |
| Total Task TIme | 165 |

a. Compute the cycle time per burger:

Cycle time= Productive time/ hour = 60 minutes/hour = 1 minute/unit
Demand/ hour 60 units/ hour
...

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