1) What do you mean by “charisma”?
Ans: Charisma is a trait found in individuals whose personalities are characterized by powerful charm and magnetism (attractiveness) and superior capabilities of interpersonal communication and persuasion.
According to Weber, charisma is a pure form of authority based on the gift of divine grace.
The term charisma is applied to a certain quality of an individual personality by virtue of which he is considered extraordinary and treated as endowed with supernatural, superhuman, or at least specifically exceptional powers or qualities.
|Transcends daily affairs |Is mixed in daily affairs. |
|Focuses more on missions |Focuses on tactical issues |
|Designs and redesigns job to make them meaningful and challenging.|Follows and fulfills role expectations by striving to work |
| |effectively within current systems. |
5) Define strategic leadership.
Ans: Strategic leadership can be defined as a person’s ability to anticipate, envision, maintain flexibility, think strategically, and work with others to initiate changes that will create a viable future for the organization.
6) Explain the types of charismatic leadership?
Ans: The types of charismatic leadership are:
• Socialized charismatic
• Personalized charismatic
• Office-holder charismatic
• Personal (not personalized charismatic)
• Divine charismatic
7) Difference between charismatic and transformational leadership
|Basis of comparison |Charismatic leadership |Transformational leadership |
|Location in hierarchy of |Usually found at the top of an organization|Found at all levels of organization |
|organization | | |
|Focus |Focus on themselves often play on the |Focus on the task, the good of the organization |
| |emotions of their followers to attain ego |and the followers |
| |reinforcement | |
|Duration |Often create short-term change in the |Create sustained change in the organization, the |
| |organization |followers and often in themselves |
|Loyalty |Seeks personal loyalty |Seeks loyalty to ideals and to the organization |
|Ethics |May or may not be grounded in an ethical |Strong ethics |
| |system | |
|Emotions |Highly emotional |May be emotional but may many are not |
|Needs of the organization |Creates needs in an organization even when |Change agents, problem solver. Tackles existing |