Public Policy: Immigration
The reforms that President Obama are trying to properly execute throughout the states is changing life for immigrants today. Obama recently gave two Executive Orders, the DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) and DAPA (Deferred Action for Parents for Americans), which are helping families resist separation. The big question on Obama’s immigration Executive Orders are if they are within the President’s power. It is Congress’s job to made the laws and the president’s to executive them, but with the creation of DAPA and DACA, many think that Obama is overstepping his authority.
One big reason why President Obama felt the need to create his Executive Order ...view middle of the document...
” (Kim). The next step for this bill is to get a vote from the House of Representatives, which were at the time being run by Republicans who were against the bill. This immigration bill proposed by the Senate was stalled in the House of Representatives because they were worried about the security this bill enacted.
On November 20, 2014, President Barack Obama announced his Executive Orders that would go into place, which expanded Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), and created Deferred Action for Parents of Americans, (DAPA) “as a response to congressional inaction on immigration reform” (de Vogue). These programs would enable “qualifying undocumented workers to receive temporary relief from the threat of deportation and to apply for programs that could qualify them for work authorization and associated benefits. (de Vogue). “The original DACA rules set eligibility for the undocumented immigrants under the age of 31 as of June 15, 2012, and had been in the U.S. before June 15, 2007...The new rules will remove the age cap and apply for individuals in the U.S. as of Jan. 1, 2010.” (Oleaga). Obama also created DAPA which would grant deferred action status to certain illegal immigrants who have presided in the US since 2010 and who have children who are law abiding permanent residents. Many states have argued that Obama has overstepped his position as President, but Obama knew that after the bills went through the Senate they would never get approved by the House of Representatives. As a result of this knowledge, Obama used his Executive Order power as President, meaning he created a bill without the approval of Congress. Texas and 25 other states fought the Obama administration recently all the way to the Supreme Court.
On Monday April 18, 2016, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments on the Texas v United States case. “Conservative justices questioned Obama’s authority to use executive actions to shield some 4 million undocumented immigrants from deportation.” (de Vogue). It was noted that there are currently 11.3 million immigrants that are undocumented, and Congress had only provided the funds to remove about 4 million. During the hearing Justice Anthony Kennedy said, “It’s as if -- that the President is setting the policy and Congress is executing it. That’s just upside down.” (de Vogue). The case resulted in a tie 4-4 with all Democrats voting in favor of the programs, and all the Republicans voting against them. As a result of a tie, the Supreme Court looks to the previous hearing results, which was that the programs will remain blocked.
Immigration is an important public policy that the United States is facing today because as mentioned earlier, there are currently 11.3 undocumented immigrants. There are two things that will strongly affect these programs and the future of immigration reform. The first is the upcoming presidential election in November 2016. For example, a Democratic nominee may want to continue that work that...