Nsa Surveillance Program Essay

2521 words - 11 pages

NSA Surveillance Program
Eric D. Reeves
ITT Tech Online
MG517 – Ethical and Regulatory Environment
Dr. Carrie A. O'Hare
June 9, 2013

Abstract/Executive Summary
The American people are reaping what they sow.  They were so eager to have any semblance of security after 9/11, that they allowed the Patriot Act to be rammed through Congress and signed into law all in a matter of days despite warnings from critics that it could be used to infringe upon citizens’ rights. NSA Surveillance Program has been in the news over the past week.  It was revealed Wednesday June 5, 2013 in The Guardian that the NSA had requested the phone records of millions of Version’s customers regardless of ...view middle of the document...

The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 is an Act of the U.S. Congress that was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001. The title of the act is a ten letter acronym (USA PATRIOT) that stands for Uniting (and) Strengthening America (by) Providing Appropriate Tools Required (to) Intercept (and) Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001.
In the wake of the attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon on September 11, 2001, legislation entitled Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (known by its acronym, the USA PATRIOT Act) was passed by Congress. Nearly as soon as the PATRIOT ACT was passed, people expressed concern over some of its provisions.
The Patriot Act, was a response to the September 11 terrorist attacks of September 11th, significantly weakened restrictions on law enforcement agencies’ gathering of intelligence within the United States; expanded the Secretary of Treasury’s authority to regulate financial transactions, particularly those involving foreign individuals and entities; and broadened the discretion of law enforcement and immigration authorities in detaining and deporting immigrants suspected of terrorism-related acts. The Patriot Act also expanded the definition of terrorism to include terrorism, thus enlarging the number of activities to which the USA Patriot Act’s expanded law enforcement powers can be applied.
President Barrack Obama signed the Patriot Sunsets Extension Act on May 26, 2011. Which was a four-year extension of three key provisions in the USA Patriot Act roving wiretaps, searches of business records(the “library record provision”), and conducting surveillance of “lone wolves” individuals suspected of terrorist-related activities not liked to terrorist groups.

With a major concern and ethical issue being raised on whether government should have the right to spy on citizens or have been raises major questions such as. Since when has the government been collecting phone records? It’s been reported that on April 25th, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court approved a top-secret order requested by the National Security Agency. According to utilitarianism, our obligation or duty in any situation is to perform the action that will result in the greatest possible balance of good over evil (Boatright, 2007, p. 32). The order was it required Verizon, which is one of the largest telecommunications companies in the country, to hand over records of all its customers’ phone calls, both within the U.S. and to other countries and regardless of whether they’re suspected of wrongdoing, on an “ongoing, daily basis” until July 19th. Our government actions relates to Teleological Theory.
Teleological theories hold that the rightness of actions is determined solely by the amount of good consequences they produce. The word “teleological” is derived from the Greek word “telos,” which refers to an end. Actions are justified on teleological...

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