North American Civilization
HIS / 115
September 4, 2011
Some theories indicate the first settlers of the Americas took place in North America in Alaska. Asian hunters are thought to have traveled over the Bering Strait during a glacial period somewhere between 35,000 B.C.E. and 10,000 years later. The Asian people, referred to as Native Americans, did not realize their discovery of a new world. The early North American men and women were nomadic hunters and gatherers. As the further migration ...view middle of the document...
” (Davidson, 2006, p. 11). Further resources of food supply were found in rivers and seas with a substantial number of fish. Men were predominantly hunters and clan leaders while women ruled the fields. The plentiful food supply produced the growth of villages and increased population of the people.
Diversity of the people was apparent in the inhabitants of North America alone. The numerous languages thought to be spoken were around 1000. Some Native American societies remained simple relying on hunting and gathering skills while others flourished into more complex societies. Building of cities with palaces, temples, and aqueducts advanced many into a more civilized society. Written languages were invented, math skills were formed, and calendars were created. Native American tribes had begun to grow into an advanced and complex nation as they spread from western America into eastern America.
The European colonization of the Americas was first envisioned in 1450. “In 1450, about the time Christopher Columbus was born, only the first stirrings of European expansion to the west had begun.” (Davidson, 2006, p. 3). Many explorations had brought seafarers near the Americas and in the late 1497 the island of Newfoundland was discovered by John Cabot. Fishing was tremendous and the dream of escaping to other lands became a reality. Europe had become violent and disease ridden and the thoughts of a new start in unoccupied lands were refreshing. Advances in navigation and improved sailing vessels created a thrilling opportunity for many.
After much determination and continual strives to obtain the funding necessary, Christopher Columbus set out on his first voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. “On the morning of October 12, 1942, the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria set anchor in a shallow sapphire bay, and their crews knelt on the white coral beach. Columbus christened the place San Salvador.” (Davidson, 2006. p. 10). Unaware of the exact location, Columbus had reached the Bahamas. Columbus reached South America and continued up to Central America in approximately 1504. Many other explorers continued to search...