This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Nelson Mandela Essay

566 words - 3 pages

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was South Africa's first black chief executive, and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid through tackling institutionalized racism, poverty and inequality, and fostering racial reconciliation. Politically an African nationalist and democratic socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress(ANC) from 1991 to 1997. Internationally, Mandela was Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999.
A Xhosa born to the Thembu royal family, Mandela attended the Fort Hare University and the University of Witwatersrand, where he studied law. Living in Johannesburg, he became involved in anti-colonial ...view middle of the document...

Although initially committed to non-violent protest, in association with the SACP he co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) in 1961, leading a sabotage campaign against the apartheid government. In 1962, he was arrested, convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the state, and sentenced to life imprisonment in the Rivonia Trial.
Mandela served 27 years in prison, initially on Robben Island, and later in Pollsmoor Prison and Victor Verster Prison. An international campaign lobbied for his release, which was granted in 1990 amid escalating civil strife. Mandela joined negotiations with Nationalist President F. W. de Klerk to abolish apartheid and establish multiracial elections in 1994, in which he led the ANC to victory and became South Africa's first black president. He published his autobiography in 1995. During his tenure in the Government of National Unity he invited other political parties to join the cabinet, and promulgated a new constitution. He also created the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate past human rights abuses.
While continuing the former government's liberal economic policy, his administration also introduced measures to encourage land reform, combat poverty, and expand healthcare services. Internationally, he acted as mediator between Libya and the United Kingdom in the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial, and oversawmilitary intervention in Lesotho. He declined to run for a second term, and was succeeded by his deputy, Thabo Mbeki. Mandela became an elder statesman, focusing on charitable work in combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the Nelson Mandela Foundation.
Mandela was a controversial figure for much of his life. Denounced as a communist terrorist by critics,[6][7] he nevertheless gained international acclaim for his activism, having received more than 250 honours, including the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize, the USPresidential Medal of Freedom, and the Soviet Order of Lenin. He is held in deep respect within South Africa, where he is often referred to by his Xhosa clan name, Madiba, or as Tata ("Father"); he is often described as the "Father of the Nation".

Other assignments on Nelson Mandela

Leadership Lessons From Mandela Essay

1623 words - 7 pages Leading like Madiba: Leadership Lessons from Nelson Mandela Posted on August 17, 2011 by Martin Kalungu-Banda The world is in dire need of great leaders, ones who inspire people not through words but by serving them. The cutting edge in leadership discourse is the old fashioned idea of leadership through service. The whole human race, we could say, desperately needs these servant-leaders who really attend to others and are beacons of hope in

Holle Essay

612 words - 3 pages has written, directed and produced many productions. In 2004, he became Resident Director of the AfriCan Theatre Ensemble and directed their production of Soyinka’s Death and the King’s Horseman. He recently directed Toronto theatre artist Donald Carr’s The Full Nelson, a tribute to Nelson Mandela. AfriCan Theatre Ensemble was founded in 1998 by Modupe Olaogun, a professor at York University. Production include: the Nigerian writer Ola Rotimi’s

The Significance Of The Haitian Revolution For The Practice Of Contemporary Theory

2437 words - 10 pages Toussaint L’Overture. An example of this problem in more recent times is that of Apartheid and Nelson Mandela. When most individuals think of Apartheid they automatically reduce the event to Mandela’s prison term on Robben Island and his subsequent journey to the office of the presidency. This is in part thanks to the South African post-liberation media machine and days like Nelson Mandela day which reinforce this cult following. Indeed

Education Industry

1364 words - 6 pages Brief Introduction The late Nelson Mandela once said, “No country can really develop unless its citizens are educated.” Education plays an important part in the building of a nation. The Indian government realises its significance and hence has taken several initiatives and reforms over the years to impart education and instil the values of secularism, equality, respect for democracy and self-belief among its youth. According to the rankings

Early Life And Education

4963 words - 20 pages Malaysia) on 15 July 2011.[46] Professor Yunus delivered the Seventh Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture.[47] In January 2008, Houston, Texas declared 14 January as "Muhammad Yunus Day".[48] On 15 May 2010, Yunus gave the commencement speech at Rice University for the graduating class of 2010. On 16 May 2010, Yunus gave the commencement speech at Duke University for the graduating class of 2010. During this ceremony, he was also awarded an honorary

Armenia - Azerbaijan Conflict

1725 words - 7 pages make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner” – Nelson Mandela References: Armenia, M. O. (n.d.). Nagorno-Karabakh issue. Retrieved from Mnistry Of Foreign affairs of the Republic of Armenia: BBC. (2012, January 10). Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh. Retrieved from BBC: BBC. (2015, March 15

Counter-Terrorism Grand Strategy

1446 words - 6 pages individual and state from terrorist action can also be seen as draconian as the it effectively denies Australian’s the right to politcally align themselves with any political movements across the globe that may be involved in a violent struggle. This could mean as an Australian can be prosecuted under the new terrorist legislation by supporting a group across the globe that in a few years team won’t be seen as a terrorist group, for example Nelson


1827 words - 8 pages Nobel acceptance speech "This Past Must Address Its Present," was devoted to South African freedom-fighter Nelson Mandela. Soyinka's speech was an outspoken criticism of apartheid and the politics of racial segregation imposed on the majority by the Nationalist South African government. 10) Dr. Alvan Ikoku (1900-1971) Dr. Alvan Ikoku, educationist and politician, was born at Amanagwu in Imo State on 1st August 1900, to a wealthy merchant


2913 words - 12 pages all experienced the emotional highs and lows of being hurt by someone. It is so hard to let go of the resentment we feel inside, but we hold the power. We can choose to hold on and become very bitter or we can release our bitterness and allow God to handle it for us. Forgiveness to me means to stop dwelling on the pain and choose to forgive and move on. "Resentment is like drinking poison and waiting for it to kill your enemy" spoken by Nelson


714 words - 3 pages The first ethical issue presented in the ethics game simulation was whether to warn consumers about the contaminated product and what information to provide consumers about the contaminant. The second ethical issue was whether to sell a product that does not meet U.S. safety requirements in a foreign market that has lower safety restrictions. G-BioSport was not required to meet prior approval from the Federal Drug Administration before they

Economy Effect Of Marijuana

277 words - 2 pages Modern American History by Alan Renga 2nd Mid Term! You will be given 3 Short Essay questions and 20 Multiple Choice questions deriving from this list! 80 points total! The 1920s Warren Harding then Calvin Coolidge Tea Pot Dome 1st Red Scare Immigration Restriction, Sacco and Vanzetti Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, KKK Prosperity, advertising Prohibition, Al Capone Flappers, Clara Bow, Rudolph Valentino Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey

Similar Documents

Dssds Essay

5973 words - 24 pages Mandela----Invictus Mandela Invincible: African Biography, 1999: “You had no doubt when you were with [Nelson Mandela] that he had what we call in our language 'shadow'—substance, presence. He was regal.”—Desmond Tutu A herd boy from an isolated mountainous area who did not wear shoes until age 16, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela rose against overwhelming odds to be president of the richest, most culturally diverse country in Africa. He endured

Rugby World Cup Opening Ceremony Essay

633 words - 3 pages discrimination, from racism to gender discrimination, we stand firm and against this forms of discriminations. Who can forget in the year 1995 when Nelson Mandela handed the rugby trophy to Francois Pienaar after South Africa won the cup for the first time at Ellis Park, Johannesburg; he wore a springbok jersey urging the black community to support their team which only had one black player. (Carlin, 3) I urge you the fans to come out in numbers and

Why I Want To Join College

358 words - 2 pages Submission ID: 279b3918-e232-4704-b1e1-4af87b06cd7c | | Why is a college education important to me?  Nelson Mandela once said, "Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. Today, in the era that we live in, the role of education in our lives has become even more prominent as science and technology are rapidly developing. In fact, people's lives are dependent on education as it provides them with the

The Apatheid Essay

3157 words - 13 pages National Congress Youth League was formed in 1944 and was headed by individuals such as Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, and Oliver Tambo. This new organization, which was a branch of the African National Congress, had similar ideals of the African National Congress, but differed because they believed that they must gain their equality through their own hard work and labors (Mzabalazo…). Nelson Mandela, born in 1918, not only became a strong figure in