Music And Cognition Essay

1158 words - 5 pages

Francis Rauscher, Gordon Shaw, and Katherine Ky (1993) wanted to see what the relationship between music cognitions and cognitions related to abstract operations were. They performed an experiment in which students were given three sets of standard IQ spatial reasoning tasks. After each task they either listened to 10mins of Mozart’s Sonata for two pianos in D major, K488, 10mins of a relaxation tape, or 10mins of silence. Performance was improved for the tasks immediately after the music condition compared to the other two conditions. 36 college students participated in all three listening conditions. Immediately following each listening condition the student’s special reasoning skills were ...view middle of the document...

The first was to see if an extended delay period after listening to the music had decay constant. Then they suggested measuring other intelligences, such as verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and short-term memory. They also suggested testing with other musical styles. They predict that the music lacking complexity or is repetitive may interfere with rather than enhance abstract reasoning. They also believe that musicians may process music differently from non-musicians. (Rauscher, Shaw, and Ky, 1993).
Two studies were performed out of this study and the idea of the “Mozart Effect” which is that listening to Mozart’s music improves performance on spatial reasoning tasks. The first study conducted by Hope Cassity, Tracy Henley, and Robert Markley (2007) wanted to see if the “Mozart Effect” could be an artifactual consequence of heightened arousal and mood rather than the actual music of Mozart. Which would disprove Rauscher, Shaw, and Ky (1993) theory that arousal does not have an effect on spatial reasoning tasks. They wanted to see if there were performance improvements in a scored computer game that are consistent with the mood and arousal hypothesis. Subjects were obtained from large undergraduate psychology courses at a Texas University. They were first screened for eligibility. The requirements were that they had to have previous experience playing a first-person computer game with a soundtrack but they could not have played the Tony Hawk Pro Skater’s game. They had to be familiar with three-dimensional games and have performed some sort of spatial relations task under competitive pressure with a musical accompaniment. 38 students were eligible 13 male and 25 females distributed randomly into two conditions. The first condition was playing the game while listening to the games original soundtrack Fight like a Brave Man by the Red Hot Chili Peppers. The second condition was playing the game while listening to Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos k448. The participants did not know that Mozart was not the original default music. After they completed the task they took a 7-point Likert scale to measure music preference. Participants first did the built in tutorial without the music playing to learn all the skateboard moves then they did the first level with the music where the game calculated their scores based on the complexity of the skateboarding tricks they did. They predicted that the students would have better scores from the arousal of playing with their music preference (Cassity, Henley, and Markley, 2007).
The results showed that...

Other assignments on Music And Cognition

Economy Effect Of Marijuana Essay

277 words - 2 pages Modern American History by Alan Renga 2nd Mid Term! You will be given 3 Short Essay questions and 20 Multiple Choice questions deriving from this list! 80 points total! The 1920s Warren Harding then Calvin Coolidge Tea Pot Dome 1st Red Scare Immigration Restriction, Sacco and Vanzetti Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, KKK Prosperity, advertising Prohibition, Al Capone Flappers, Clara Bow, Rudolph Valentino Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey

The Vc Shakeout Essay

2033 words - 9 pages ECONOMY 26 Luring a big firm to town is not the secret to job growth DEFEND YOUR RESEARCH 30 Are morning people wired for success? VISION STATEMENT 32 The social web’s east-west divide COLUMN 38 Warren Bennis looks back on his surprising path to fame New Thinking, Research in Progress New Thinking, Research in Progress FIRST The VC Shakeout Venture capital hasn’t worked for a decade and must be radically

Hospitals Paper

6014 words - 25 pages I hope to provide in this paper a comprehensive understanding for what the term “hospital” has become. Hospitals are an extremely complex system that man has created and shaped and reshaped throughout history. My goal in writing and researching this paper will be to provide those who read it a clear understanding on how the hospital system got to where it is today, and to shed some light on the many organizations that affiliate with and

Course Syllabus

2610 words - 11 pages [pic] COURSE SYLLABUS Semester: Fall, Year: 2012  College Mission Statement Richard J. Daley College provides high-quality education which leads to academic success, career development, and personal enrichment that fulfill diverse community needs. Mathematics Department Mission Statement Our mission is to deliver excellent service and to provide learning opportunities by offering a wide range of mathematics courses, which will help our


1477 words - 6 pages Boeing Management Planning Heather Oetzel MGT 330 October 22, 2012 Joe Cheng Abstract Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us", 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the

Assisted Suicide

1015 words - 5 pages , and Switzerland. In the Netherlands, voluntary euthanasia has been legal since 1983, with some 3,000 people requesting it each year. In Australia, assisted suicide was legalized in the Northern Territory with the backing of a substantial majority of the local population, but was then overthrown by the Federal Senate before anyone could actually use the new law. However, in Oregon and California, state legislation has been passed to allow for

Tanglewood Case 1

797 words - 4 pages Tanglewood’s staffing strategy requires the organization to make key decisions about the acquisition, deployment, and retention of the organization’s workforce. In order to accomplish this, Tanglewood’s must make thirteen decisions regarding its staffing levels and its staffing quality. One of the first decisions that Tanglewood needs to choose is to acquire or develop talent. Tanglewood should try to develop their current talent because one


1391 words - 6 pages Есе по въпроса: Кои от всички „действащи” лица могат да се разглеждат като морално отговорни и в какво именно? по казуса Форд „Пинто” Корпоративните злодеяния са нанесли повече вреди на обществото от всички улични престъпления взети заедно. Според данни на ФБР сумата от уличните престъпления възлиза на $3.8 млрд. годишно, а загубите от корпоративните измами между $100 млрд. и $400 млрд. годишно

The Penis

1052 words - 5 pages The short story ”The Penis” is written by Hanif Kureishi. The short story is about a penis, which has been separated from its owner Doug, who we hear from later on. At first though we hear about a guy called Alfie who was “a cutter – a hairdresser – and had to get to work”. He is having breakfast with his wife, when she asks him what he did last night, and if he had a good time last night? Alfie can not remember what he did last night, he

Managed Care Paper

543 words - 3 pages Managed Care and Case Management Care Marvin Lloyd BSHS/402-Case Management 27 August 2012 Virgil Miller Managed Care are techniques employed to help reduce the cost for providing health benefits and a system for improving organizations quality of


439 words - 2 pages day, that they are worse off than we are. People continue to believe what the mass media tells them. Kenya's tourism industry is undergoing a transformation - from the mass tourism of the seventies and eighties, when cheap package holidays were the norm, to the development of a quality-tourism product. Claire Footit reports. Laissez-faire policies towards tourism development in the seventies and eighties made Kenyan tourism a victim of its

Similar Documents

Human Tears Essay

1002 words - 5 pages to the social significance of tears. The psychiatrist John Bowlby long ago highlighted the role of crying in engendering attachment between mother and child, while the British neurologist Michael Trimble recently linked crying to the human capacity for empathy – hence our propensity to weep during inspiring music. However, in his new book, Why Only Humans Weep, Vingerhoets argues that none of these explanations is sufficient. Although crying

Hannibal Rising Essay

2233 words - 9 pages other primates (primatology), the fossil record (paleoanthropology), prehistoric people (bioarchaeology), and the biology (e.g., health, cognition, hormones, growth and development) and genetics of living populations. * Archaeology Archaeologists study past peoples and cultures, from the deepest prehistory to the recent past, through the analysis of material remains, ranging from artifacts and evidence of past environments to architecture

Omissions In Translating Subtitles Essay

7905 words - 32 pages . (Tomaszkiewicz, 2006: 103) There were considerable controversies even concerning the choice of a name for the new branch of translation studies. In the narrow sense it can be called film translation or cinema translation. However, there are certain similarities between translating films, music, video games and other relatively new means of transferring information, all those together can be called audio-visual translation or (multi)media

Mgt216 Essay

714 words - 3 pages The first ethical issue presented in the ethics game simulation was whether to warn consumers about the contaminated product and what information to provide consumers about the contaminant. The second ethical issue was whether to sell a product that does not meet U.S. safety requirements in a foreign market that has lower safety restrictions. G-BioSport was not required to meet prior approval from the Federal Drug Administration before they