Mishary Al Rashed 10AB November 14, 2015
Yasmeen Al Muzaini
Aysha Al Meer
TIMELINE: Charles Dickens was born in the year 1817, Victorian Era Mid 19th century till to beginning of 20th century, Hard Times published on 1854, Schools become mandatory in 1889.
OUR TALK WILL BE DIVIDED INTO 4 PARTS:
INTRODUCTION OF VICTORIAN ERA
The Victorian era of British history: was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from 20 June 1837 until her death, on 22 January 1901. It was a long period of peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities and national self-confidence for Britain, where during that time, ...view middle of the document...
Therefore, education was something that wasn’t easily accessible in those times as it was today.
COMPARING AND CONTRASTING VICTORIAN EDUCATION WITH THE MODERN EDUCATION
1. HOW WAS SCHOOL LIKE? For the children who did get an education: Schools were quite grim places. Mostly boys learned at public school and girls learned at home and if girls learned in schools they were separated from the boys and have their own entrance. Schools often had windows so high up so that children could not see out. Some classes were very big, so big that a classroom could fit 300 boys and there would often be classes with a very wide age range and because of this everything had to be done in a very strictly organized and controlled way. Teachers were often strict and by modern standards, VERY SCARY. They were jobs of unmarried ladies (that’s why you call the teacher Miss) and if she got married she would have stop teaching. Also, most teachers were not qualified by having a college education in contrast to modern times where you had to have a degree in education in order to teach and so they learn “on the job” and when it came to school leaving age those would with aptitude could stay on as “pupil teachers” and soon become a full teacher. Teachers had very high demands on students mainly on behavior and often demanded perfection and so Children who were slow at their lessons, or dumb, were made to wear a dunce's hat (which is a pointed with the letter D on it) and would have to sit in a dunce stool for 1 hour. Teachers also denied any existence of learning disabilities or just learned differently that we know of today because they thought that these children were simply naughty or rebellious. Even left handed children were punished and made to use their right hand. For that reason, children had to learn to do whatever teacher asked, otherwise they would get a rap across the knuckles with a ruler, or a clip around the ears.
2. WHAT DID THEY LEARN? The lessons mainly focusing on the “3RS” which are Reading, wRiting and aRithmetic. These lessons were very different to lessons of today and all they were required to do was copying down what the teacher wrote on chalkboard. For that reason, it was considered very important to develop a fine hand. The children learned to write on a slate (instead of paper because paper was expensive) with a sharpened piece of slate called slate pencil and they used rags to erase. For arithmetic they had learn tables that they constantly had to recite until they made no mistake. For that reason, a lot of the teaching was mostly devoted to repetition of facts like learning the names and dates of kings and queens, or reciting the "times table.” In addition to the 3Rs once a week they would learn geography, history, singing and drill (the victorian equivalent to PE). Drill might involve running, jumping, stretching and lifting weights, and was often accompanied by music. table. the most important areas of education at the time...