Motivational Methods Paper
HCS 325 - Health Care Management
Monday, September 19, 2011
Motivational Methods Paper
Motivation has been defined as the "willingness to exert effort to achieve the organization's goals, conditioned by this effort's ability to satisfy individual needs" (Kamery, 2004, pp. 91-92). Motivation in a true sense is an art work in that it is a process of being able to change one's willingness to exert effort. This willingness sets the foundation of motivation. Over the course of this paper I will discuss three motivational methods job design, human needs, and based on process; a goal-setting theory in which managers can apply to create an environment for ...view middle of the document...
The second motivational method that can be employed is through human needs. Human needs are often thought of as basic survival needs; esteem, friendship and love, security and physical needs according to Abraham Maslow. Although these needs are needed for survival, in the business and management world the term motivation is used to describe forces found within an individual who can account for the level, direction, and persistence of effort in which he or she expends their energies within the workplace. Quite bluntly, a person who is more motivated or a highly motivated individual is more likely to succeed and an individual who is less motivated is at a higher risk for failure or for poor work performance (Lombardi & Schermerhorn, Chapter 10, Motivating through Job Design, 2007). In the workplace a manager who promotes, provides, and advocates for his or her employees providing him or her with praise, positive reinforcement, and motivation has a higher chance of retaining his or her employee’s and can help to inspire the employee to work harder, ultimately performing to the best of his or her abilities.
The last method is based upon a goal-setting theory. This theory will have been identified by the department manager or supervisor and come in the form of clearly described goals, performance expectations between employee, manager, and other departments, and time-frame when appropriate. These goals should be realistic and attainable while maintaining motivation for the employee to strive to succeed. In some cases when employees are involved in the establishment or design of their goals not only keeps he or she accountable to their job, coworkers, and manager, but it also provides a sense of ownership and keeps the employee motivated in reaching the goal. Satisfaction and performance are enhanced when some of the ownership is relinquished to the employee, allowing him or her to stay motivated or become re-motivated if motivation was lost.
The implementation of motivational techniques are essential to keeping staff members excited and focused on the tasks at hand as well as retaining employees. Techniques employed to maintain employee motivation is as simple as implementing the three motivational methods described; job design, human needs, and based on process; a goal-setting theory. A starting point resides with gaining management understanding, support, and establishing their commitment. This also includes the establishment of sincere intentions, and the ability to be the example. The next step is similar to the first step, but with regard to the businesses’ employees; in understanding...