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Motivation Essay

5467 words - 22 pages

European Scientific Journal

August edition vol. 8, No.18 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print)

e - ISSN 1857- 7431


Isah Mohammed Abbass
Department of Political Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

In every organization, whether large or small, governmental or non-governmental, employees
work enthusiastically or with zeal and cooperate amongst themselvesand with the leadership
to achieve the laid down objectives. This is primarily due to the job satisfaction they derive in
the conduct of their routine activities. The local government system, within the so-called
three tiers of governmental structure in ...view middle of the document...

Hence, lack of motivation of employees in any organization is sine qua non to the
failures in the achievement of the desired or designed goals or objectives. Invariably,

European Scientific Journal

August edition vol. 8, No.18 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print)

e - ISSN 1857- 7431

motivation is inextricably tied with job satisfaction and the employee’s realization of his
competence as well as the opportunity to apply new ideas. These issues, therefore, constitute
the primary assumptions in this study and hence become the preconditions in achieving the
laid down organizational objectives.
The condition of employment in Nigerian local governments is not fundamentally
different from other organizations in the country. There should be comprehensive, attractive
and tempting conditions of service, staff regulations and scheme of service in the local
government system that are adequately comparable with relevant organizations in Nigeria,
like job security and absence of all forms of job hazards. This is with a view to making the
employees of the local governments not only motivated but also satisfied with the work they
perform. Apart from these conditions, however, there should also existworkplace
environmental requisites in forms of social amenities in the local governments to relatively
attract, retain and amuse the employees. Transparent and transformational leadership in the
local governments must be the strategic key in employee motivation and achievement of

Motivation: A Theoretical Perspective
Motivation of employees is one of the greatest challenges leaders are confronted within
organisations. How are employees in organizations motivated to work as a team in order to
achieve organizational goals? The role or importance of motivation must not be
underestimated, particularly in the attainment of organizational objectives. Again, the links
between motivation and organizational objectives as well as the roles leaders play are
inseparable. In other words, leadership and motivation are intricately tied together. Different
employees in different organizations are motivated differently with varied motivational
devices by leaders who inspire them to act towards achieving organizational goals.
There are numerous theories of motivation. The expectancy impact on motivation, for
instance, particularly McGregor’s (1960) model, suggests that when employees are treated
reasonably and well motivated, they will invariably act in a reasonable and motivated
fashion. In Vroom’s (1964) expectancy theory of motivation, recognition is placed more on
the degree of individual’s feelings in practically attaining or accomplishing the laid down
target through the influence of motivation. With regard to the role of transformational
leadership in motivation, employees are automatically inspired to achieve organizational
goals beyond the set out frontiers due to the expectations of the leaders on the employees and

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