This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Montessori For The 21st Century Essay

8960 words - 36 pages

Montessori: Evolving Toward a Public Secondary School in the 21st Century
Nadia Bryden
November 7, 2012

The educational community has long been familiar with the Montessori method for its international ability to remediate or engage children who are, for any number of reasons, not suited to traditional public schooling. This paper examines the basis of the need for alternative schooling, outlines the development and evolution of the Montessori method and philosophy, and validates the methodology in research, providing a side-by-side comparison for examination of relative strengths and weaknesses of the program. For 21st century school reformists seeking alternative methods ...view middle of the document...

As a matter of fact, John Dewey, a dynamic naturalist philosopher who advocated the method of science and recognized an ever-changing society, derived his recommendations for education based on the consequences of certain choices rather than on premises about the nature of society (Noddings, 2012; Simpson & Jackson, 1997).

Preparation for the future is often cited as one of the main purposes of education: schools are charged with preparing graduates with the right skill and knowledge sets to succeed in the future. However, visions of the future are often clouded by knowledge of the past and present, or the assumption that what was useful in the past will dominate again tomorrow. Dewey posited that education’s aim should be more education, or growth – growth that leads to discussion and deeper thinking, rather than succumbing to the notion of education as preparation for some unknowable future state (1938). Education, then, is both the end and the means, and how we engage it as a vehicle depends upon further examination of and reflection on the philosophy of education.

The strong need for specific educational goals can be partially derived from the broader question, who should be educated? Today’s overwhelming response of “everybody” – education and equal opportunity for all – signals an accountability that resonates throughout the education system in an alarmingly public manner. An adequate response to this question necessitates thoughtful methodology, careful reflection and rational problem solving among the educational leaders of tomorrow…especially because we are now left with the greater debate over how individuals should be educated.

One size fits all? A third question that has remained vitally relevant is, “should education differ according to natural interests and abilities?” The common core curriculum insinuates that societal expectations can be met through the transmission of standard content through K-12 and assumes the importance of the traditional disciplines, but is traditional schooling enough to meet the needs of the present and ensure equality of opportunity and future success? This paper argues that no, it is not, and in fact the Deweyan tradition defends that education should be tailored to the child – an idea also put forth by Plato, but according to hierarchical, functionalist categories that represented a person’s capacities rather than their individual needs and interests.

According to Johnston and Wetherhill (1998), multiple forms of school organization and structure or process are necessary in order to provide all students with appropriate opportunities to learn and contribute to society, as demonstrated by current drop-out rates and the sub-par performance and success of at-risk students. While the standards movement has put a focus on accountability, it could be argued that control, order, and efficiency dominate the conventional system rather than care for the student:
If the pupil left...

Other assignments on Montessori For The 21st Century

Help Me To Help Myself Essay

2194 words - 9 pages - the ability to have choice and control are optimal for learning and wellbeing (Ryan & Deci 2000 in A.S.Lillard, 2005). Montessori (1988) pointed out that a child’s desire for independence is instinctive and governed by nature itself. This desire begins from the first moments soon after birth, when the infant’s senses start functioning. Montessori devised the first stage of development from birth to six years as the ‘The Absorbent Mind’ (MCI

Philosophy Essay

1842 words - 8 pages work and has self-respect, respect for others and the environment around him. A child who has self-control and is able to find deep concentration and fulfillment in his/her work is a disciplined child therefore; punishments or rewards have no place in his/her life. In order for this inner discipline to emerge, the child’s inner needs and the ‘sensitive periods’ must be satisfied.’ Sensitive periods’ is the term Montessori used to describe the


2341 words - 10 pages Language lies at the root of that transformation of the environment that we call ‘civilization’. How is language encouraged in the Montessori prepared environment? ​Language is something that I can’t explain. It is absurd for me. What I know is I am able to speak to communicate what is on my mind to other people, but the process how did it happen I barely remember it. Before I learn about Montessori, I used to think that language is

Military Power

891 words - 4 pages II, a large number of major revolutions; along with significant social, political, and economic upheavals made the period from 1901 to 2000 of great importance in a historical and military sense. It can be said that the 20th century paved the way for the outlook of the 21st century American military. The fight was expanded from the ground and sea to the air with the invention of Aircraft. Nuclear weapons, the “crown jewel” of modern military

Biography Of Anna Frank

468 words - 2 pages manufactures products used in making jam." After years of enduring anti-Semitism in Germany, the Franks were relieved to once again enjoy freedom in their new hometown of Amsterdam. "In those days, it was possible for us to start over and to feel free," Otto recalled. Anne Frank began attending Amsterdam's Sixth Montessori School in 1934, and throughout the rest of the 1930s, she lived a relatively happy and normal childhood. Frank had many friends, Dutch and German, Jewish and Christian, and she was a bright and inquisitive student. More information Wikipedia

Annotated Bib

559 words - 3 pages Frey, M. A., Norris, D. M., & Sieloff, C. L. (2002). King’s conceptual system and theory of goal attainment: past, present, and future. Nursing Science Quarterly, 15(2), pg. 107-112. This article explains King’s theory of goal attainment from the 1960’s to the 21st century. In 1964, King’s focus was to organize existing knowledge in nursing and to expand the knowledge base for nursing practice. In the 1970’s, King published a conceptual

Sony History

421 words - 2 pages . Throughout Sony’s history, it has shown a capability to capture the imagination and enhance people's lives. The organization has been at the cutting edge of technology for over a half century and had a great influence on the way people live. Over the years, Sony's products have been perceived as smart, unique, good performance and outstanding design. Starting business as a Japanese company, Sony didn't follow the traditional ways of the industry

Marketing In China

877 words - 4 pages “Marketing in the 21st century will be of paramount importance to the continuing development and growth of China. In order to continue the prosperous growth into the future survival and growth of companies in China, there is a need to adopt and embrace a marketing philosophy”. China’s participation in the World Trade Organization (WTO) since 2001 has boosted its economic growth and accelerated its legal reformation. Multinationals, thus

Ict In Smes

319 words - 2 pages markets or enhance their internal and external communication relationships. To be successful in the 21st century, any country in the world needs to develop an ideas-based can do economy and society. This implies an economy and society that are proficient at both creating ideas and translating a considerable proportion of them into new business opportunities. The payoffs are jobs, wealth and a better quality of life. In this scenario, many

Sales Organization

604 words - 3 pages Sales Organization Forms from export department to global key account management, application in B2C- vs. B2B-markets Table of Content 1.  Sale management in the 21st century 2.  Selling in B2C vs. B2B markets 3.  Sales Organization •  Vertical Structure •  Line Organization •  Line and Staff Organization •  Horizontal Structure •  Geographic Organization •  Product Organization •  Organization by Customer type or market

Herman Miller Inc

475 words - 2 pages Herman Miller Inc. 1. Herman Miller Inc. has constantly focused on a reinvention and renewal growth strategy. They have done multiple things over the past century that have kept them in business, surviving The great Depression, multiple recessions in the 20th century, and the dot-com bust in the 21st century. They have made many changes during the life of the company to try and continually improve and stay ahead of its competitors, hiring

Similar Documents

Teaching In The 21st Century Essay

312 words - 2 pages TEACHING IN THE 21ST CENTURY Education has always been the tool for economic and development, for eradicating poverty, for survival and for the change. Facing the 21st century, education is quite challenging knowing that it should ensure and prepare students to be lifelong learners. Today education is no longer restricted to certain aspects there are linkages of one subject to another. Education now uses information from the internet and

The Origin Of Old Earth Geology And Its Ramifications For Life In The 21st Century

819 words - 4 pages Ashley Dr. Travis Bradshaw PHSC 210 April 7, 2014 Journal Article Review Introduction In this paper I will discuss and review Dr. Terry Mortenson’s article about The Origin of Old-Earth Geology and its Ramifications for Life in the 21st Century. I will discuss the many strengths of this article and also the weaknesses that are also involved in Dr. Terry Mortenson’s paper. Brief Overview and Main Points Dr. Mortenson’s paper

Entrepreneurial Leadership In The 21st Century

873 words - 4 pages Entrepreneurial Leadership in the 21st Century A Hybrid Theory/Philosophy of Entrepreneurial Leadership With changes in society’s, economies, and the widespread growth of technology, entrepreneurship and leadership have both grown to take on many different definitions over the past century. Economists and behaviorists have conducted numerous studies and researches over the past fifteen years, and new definitions of entrepreneurial

The Vanishing Newspaper In The 21st Century Innovation

4238 words - 17 pages are beginning to emerge. History The word Herald is defined by the Webster’s dictionary as an official messenger of news; and as a result serves as a suitable name for The Miami Herald. Since its inception more than a century ago, The Miami Herald serves as South Florida’s largest newspaper. On average, “The Herald has an estimated daily print circulation of approximately 160,000 and 230,000 on Sunday in South Florida, Latin America and the