Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that is concerned with the nature of existence. Metaphysics is concerned with explaining the ways things are by trying to answer the question “What is”, “what is reality”, what is free will”. It encompasses everything that exists, as well as the nature of existence itself. Compared to other branches of Philosophy such as epistemology that deals with things like the sources of justification, knowledge, metaphysics is concerned with explaining the way things are in the physical world. This is not the origin of the term
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These editors referred to them as “The books that came after the books on physics” or “metaphysics”. Aristotle referred to metaphysics as “first philosophy”. This term was also used by some other philosopher like Descartes whose primary work focused on the subject of metaphysics.
Metaphysical systems come in three main component: Physical system such as Kant’s, ideologies which are usually political, moral or other practical philosophical systems; and other religions which in their theologies attempt to create comprehensive metaphysical structure. Religious metaphysics often attempt to correlate a philosophical system with basic theses about the nature and purpose of God.
Metaphysics is important because it is the foundation of philosophy. Without an explanation or an interpretation of the world around us, we would be helpless to deal with reality. Metaphysics provides explanation to the commonly asked questions such as “What is the nature of reality?” How does the world exist?” does the world exist outside of mind. It gives us an interpretation of the world around us and how to deal with reality. The degree to which our metaphysical worldview is correct is the degree to which we are able to comprehend the world, and act accordingly.
Pass, Bruce. “Metaphysics: The Creation of Hierarchy.” European Journal Of theology 23.2 (2014): 205-207. Academic Search Complete. Wed. 12 July 2015.