* All assigned chapter readings are covered.
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Week 8 : Final Exam and Looking Ahead - Final Exam
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Groupthink may cause groups to make hasty, irrational decisions, where individual doubts are set aside, for fear of upsetting the group’s balance. as we discised in the disction term is usually used as a derogatory term after the results of a bad decision. Groupthink is a tendency for decision-making groups to suppress opposing viewpoints in order to preserve group harmony. Although groupthink involves restricting opinions, it is not actively and intentionally pursued. Instead, groupthink is a psychological tendency to unintentionally reduce opposition in hopes of reducing tension, increasing cohesion, and quickly reaching a decision. Groupthink can also be viewed as a form of peer pressure exerted by majority leaders on those team members that are less willing to conform.Groupthink occurs when groups are highly cohesive and when they are under considerable pressure to make a quality decision.
Question 3.3. (TCO E, F) Identify and discuss the stages of conflict development. Based on news and events from around the world, please give an example of a recent conflict you have read or heard about and show how the conflict moved through the developmental stages we learned about in this course. (Points : 10)
Conflict antecedents establish the conditions from which conflicts are likely to emerge. When the antecedent conditions become the basis for substantive or emotional differences between people or groups, the stage of perceived conflict exists. Of course, this perception may be held by only one of the conflicting parties. And there is quite a difference between perceived and felt conflict. When conflict is felt, it is experienced as tension that motivates the person to take action to reduce feelings of discomfort. For conflict to be resolved, all parties should perceive the conflict and feel the need to do something about it.Manifest conflict is expressed openly in behavior. At this stage removing or correcting the antecedents results in conflict resolution, while failing to do so results in conflict suppression. With suppression, no change in antecedent conditions occurs even though the manifest conflict behaviors may be temporarily controlled. This occurs, for example, when one or both parties choose to ignore conflict in their dealings with one another. Conflict suppression is a superficial and often temporary state that leaves the situation open to future conflicts over similar issues. Although it is perhaps useful in the short run, only true conflict resolution establishes conditions that eliminate an existing conflict and reduce the potential for it to recur in the future--------------------------------------------Interpersonal conflict occurs between two or more individuals who are in opposition to one another. It may be substantive, emotional, or both. Two persons debating each other aggressively on the merits of hiring a specific job applicant is an example of a substantive interpersonal...