Section 1: Short Answer (30 points)
Write multi-sentence responses for the prompts below. Be specific and give examples from the history we have learned.
A. The United States found itself competing with the Soviet Union in the Cold War after 1946. Write ONE paragraph and tell how the tensions started and where in the world this boiled over into confrontation and fighting. (8 points)
The United States and the Soviet Union were, from the very start, ideological enemies. Despite their brief alliance in World War 2, there was no doubt in either government during the closing years of the war that it was only the start of a much larger global war. Thanks to the advent of nuclear weapons ...view middle of the document...
. a list of names that were made known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping policy in the State Department. . . .
—Sen. Joseph McCarthy 1950
McCarthy was a leading anti-communist Senator in the US in the 1950s. He was obsessed with the idea that the US government had been infiltrated by communist spies, and initiated a series of purges which destroyed the lives of dozens of innocent people. His policies were accepted by most of the populace, and showed how paranoid and delusional much of the nation was due to fear of the communist threat.
C. How did the civil rights movement evolve in the 1950s and what tactics were adopted by the new leaders in their fighting for equality? Write 3-5 sentences in response and be specific. (6 points)
It gained a great amount of momentum due to changing cultural influences. The second world war and the fight for freedom inspired people across the world to ssek out better rights. Especially for the blacks who had been forced to fight for the United States, coming home to unequal rights was a slap in the face. They adopted more radical tactics, and especially a much stronger spirit, in their...