This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Marxism Essay

780 words - 4 pages

M Antonio Gramsci
One of the most influential figures in the neo-Marxist reassessment of religion is the Italian, Antonio Gramsci. He rejected the traditional Marxist view that the cultural superstructure merely reflected society’s economic base. In his view, the superstructure is more autonomous and independent than Marx acknowledged, and beliefs are no less real or important than economic forces.
For Gramsci, if the communist age were to come, it would require working-class action. But this action must be guided by theoretical ideas. And, just as intellectuals of the Roman Catholic Church had shaped the minds of its followers over centuries, so must the industrial working class produce ...view middle of the document...

Writing about developing countries, Maduro argues that, in societies in which religion remains a dominant and conservative institution, social liberation can only be achieved if significant change occurs within the churches. This could occur if the oppressed, finding that all possible forms of protest are blocked by the central power, take their discontent to the churches- as in certain Latin American societies, in South Africa and in Poland before the abandonment of communism. In this situation, Maduro argues the anguish and aspirations of the oppressed may be reflected and voiced by members of the clergy. Thus, the clergy may then fulfil the functions of Gramsci’s proletarian intellectuals, by expressing the discontents of the oppressed, by shaping their consciousness of the situation, and by working with them to devise (plan) strategies of action.

Marxist views evaluation:
Religion as ideology- Marx saw religion as a form of ideology which helped to maintain ruling class power. Critics agree there is evidence to support this view from certain times and places. However, they reject the claim that this is the primary role of religion.
To some extent, neo-Marxists avoid this criticism by admitting the possibility that religion can open the eyes of the oppressed to the reality of their situation. And this, in turn, can encourage them to take action to end their oppression.
Religion as compensation- Is...

Other assignments on Marxism

Presentation Essay

1203 words - 5 pages What are the basic principles of Marxism as an IR theory? Marxist conception of international relations. The first thing to note is that there is not a Marxist conception of international relations. For pedagogical issues we talk about it, but what we will try to analyze is what has been the contribution that the Marxist theory has done in this field. This leads us to the study of the Marxist theorists: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Rosa Luxemburgo

Sex And The City Essay

258 words - 2 pages modes of production and reproduction and underlay their observable manifestations." —Martha E. Gimenez, Marxism and Class, Gender and Race: Rethinking the Trilogy[15] 3. Sex and the City e. Class structure vii. Bourgeoisie 1. Carrie wishes to have her possessions from Big, but does not wish to face him in person, Samantha comments "We can pay people to do that." 2. These anonymous people become

Nelson Mandela

566 words - 3 pages , with the ANC leadership, was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the Treason Trial from 1956 to 1961. Influenced by Marxism, he secretly joined the South African Communist Party (SACP) and sat on its Central Committee. Although initially committed to non-violent protest, in association with the SACP he co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) in 1961, leading a sabotage campaign against the apartheid government. In 1962, he was arrested

Social Change

1488 words - 6 pages Critically examine the relationship between religion and social change (33 marks) In relation to social change, some theories have argued that religion is a conservative force and acts to prevent change and keep society stable. This is the view held by earlier theories that stressed the role of institutions in shaping human behaviour and maintaining the stability of society, such as Functionalism and Marxism. Religion is also seen as

Health Care Level 3 Unit 7 P1

3473 words - 14 pages Contents: Functionalism……………………………………………………………Pg.3 Marxism………………………………………………………………….Pg.4 Feminism………………………………………………………………...Pg.5 Interactionism…………………………………………………………...Pg.6 Collectivism……………………………………………………………...Pg.7 Post-Modernism………………………………………………………...Pg.8 New Right………………………………………………………………..Pg.9 You (Me)…………………………………………………………………Pg.10 Functionalism According to the functionalist perspective of sociology, each aspect of society is

Essay 1

853 words - 4 pages ’ in that the family convinces children, through primary socialisation, that hierarchy is natural and inevitable. Secondly, they also see the family as acting as a unit of consumption – the family is seen by Capitalists as a something to make money out of – what with the pressure to ‘keep up with the Joneses and ‘pester power’ Thus, applying Marxism we learn that the Functionalist view is too optimistic – they see the Capitalist system as

English Paper Source

1404 words - 6 pages came across many instances of feminism gone amok. Now, "feminism" as practiced on college campuses has nothing to do with equal rights, equal pay, or equal treatment under the law. Such worthy goals have largely been achieved in the West and are no longer controversial. The varieties of feminism that inspire teachers and administrators across America are those inspired by Marxism, which regard women as a "domestic proletariat" engaged in class

Sociolgy

1881 words - 8 pages but there are many different philosophies for this which often clash with one another. Some of these philosophies include Marxism, Functionalism and Interactionism. Each sociological perspectives has many different views. “The Marxists theory is an explanation of how society works, how and why history unfolded and an account of the nature of capitalism. The theory believes that society is in conflict between two classes. (10)” “Functionalists

European Classical Literature

4049 words - 17 pages : Social Realism land the Contemporary Novel; Folklore and the Contemporary Novel; Black Women’s Writing; Identity in Contemporary Poetry; Tragicomedy in Contemporary Theatre. e. f. Option B. Literary Theory (i) 1. Marxism: i. Antonio Gramsci. ‘The Formation of the Intellectuals’ and ‘Hegemony (Civil Society) and Separation of Powers,’ Selections from the Prison Notebooks, ed. Quentin Hoare and Geoffrey Novell Smith (London: Lawrence and Wishart

Postmodernism Is Dead

3784 words - 16 pages narratives is the essence of postmodernism. (Lyotard was an adherent of Marxism, one of the most potent meta-narratives of the modern age. But he turned his back on Marx. In this way, the origins of postmodern thought can be seen as, in part, a rejection of the totalitarian impulse—also, and not coincidentally, at its most powerful in the 1920s and 1930s.) Sadly, 75 per cent of the rest of the stuff written about postmodernism is nonsensical

Love Is God

6636 words - 27 pages bullying and to find out alternatives to improve the living together in primary schools trough a preventive approach. Theoretical perspective: Marxism and Ecological and interactive perspective 6) Building up the tools or techniques for the research Research techniques: Quantitative: statistical understanding people’s way of thinking analysis and Qualitative: Building up the tools for the research: Revising other research reports, Research

Similar Documents

Marxism Essay

719 words - 3 pages Ishan Soni Mr. Marr English 12 May 25, 2015 Marxism are set of views acknowledged by many individuals and a lot of views presented in works of other authors are often compared to the ideas that of Karl Marx. Here, the idea presented by George Bernard Shaw in his play is compared to Marx’s ideas on Marxism and social hierarchy relationship. There exists a relationship between the viewpoints of

Mr. David Tallantire Essay

1526 words - 7 pages Q: To what extent can Marxism be applied to the poem, ‘Daddy’, written by Sylvia Plath? WORD COUNT: 1,503 A: Marxist Literary Criticism views literary works as reflections of the social institutions from which they originate. This being said, even literature itself is a social institution and has a specific ideological function, based on the background and ideology of the author. It includes analysing the class constructs conveyed in the

Priya Essay

763 words - 4 pages Assess the sociological explanations for ethnic inequality in contemporary society? (40 mark) Point: Marxism * Minority groups form part of a uniformed working class not against it. They work for the bourgeoisie. * Castles and Kosack argued that ethnic minority groups could also be part of * ‘reserve army of labour’– supporting capitalist system and forced to take lower paid jobs than their white counter parts. * Economic

Sociololgy As Essay

486 words - 2 pages meaning, but the increasing number of sects and movements attest to the fact that religious belief still thrives. Berger then argues that secularisation has led to religious belief being expressed in a different form, not that secularisation leads to religious decline. In The Invisible Religion 1967, Luckmann argues that Marxism is a religion in that any human attempt to comprehend our place in the cosmos is by its religious nature. By this