* American Sociological Review >
* Vol. 15, No. 2, Apr., 1950 >
* A Set of Categories ...
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American Sociological Review © 195
In the social sciences a social group can be defined as two or more humans who interact with one another, share similar characteristics and collectively have a sense of unity. By this definition, a society can be viewed as a large group, though most social groups are considerably smaller.
A true social group ...view middle of the document...
Goals A group must have a common purpose or goal and they must work together to achieve that goal. The goal brings the group together and holds it together through conflict and tension.
Phases in group problem-solving.
By Bales, Robert F.; Strodtbeck, Fred L.
The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, Vol 46(4), Oct 1951, 485-495.
A set of categories for the first-hand observation of group process are presented. A set of conditions are described which are believed to be characteristic of many staff conferences, committees, and similar groups dealing with problems of analysis and planning with the goal of group decision. The hypothesis is presented that under these specified conditions the process tends to move through time from a relative emphasis upon problems of orientation, to problems of evaluation, and subsequently to problems of control, and that concurrent with these transitions, the relative frequencies of both negative reactions and positive reactions tend to increase. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
Verbal communication is the most effective way to give instruction, correction or direction to a group. Without it there can be misunderstandings, frustration and lack of productivity. Verbal communication is essential to have a healthy and fruitful group or team. It helps set guidelines and boundaries in team dynamics that allow a group to achieve the goal it intends to accomplish.
1. Gives Instruction
* Without effective verbal communication the various people in the group may have various understandings of what needs to be accomplished. Instruction increases productivity, which in the end increases the efficiency of the group or team. Verbal instructions also dispel any other ideas or ambitions that are contradictory to the task at hand.
Allows for Clarity
* Verbal communication in group interaction also provides clarity. Whenever speaking to a group, there will always be different interpretations of the message being communicated. This is where verbal feedback should be encouraged to get an accurate pulse on how well the group understood the instructions. By verbally communicating, the leader is able to find the loopholes and misunderstandings and deliver a clear message.
* Verbal communication provides direction. Many times a group will not have one direction that everyone is moving in together. Because people operate as individuals, when they join up in a group there be may some people who want to go a different direction than where the leader wants to go. It's at this point that verbal communication has the power to give clear direction and put a stop to the pulling in different directions.
Power of Persuasion
* Verbal communication in group interaction also has the power to persuade. This can be seen in religious and political circles. As a group follows a particular political or religious leader, the leader is given power to...