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Lymphoma Essay

580 words - 3 pages

Hodgkin’s lymphoma formerly known as Hodgkin’s disease. This is a cancer of the lymphatic system, which is a part of the immune system (Mayo Clinic Staff, “ Definition,” 2014, para. 1). Some of the functional changes that are caused by this disease are: unexplained weight loss, a loss of appetite, itching, painless swelling of the lymph nodes in your neck, arm pits, and groin ( Mayo Clinic Staff, “ Symptoms,” 2014, para.1). The cause of this disease is not readily known. The doctors know that most cases of Hodgkin’s lymphoma occur when an infecting fighting cell called a B cell develops a mutation of its DNA ( May Clinic Staff, “ Causes,” 2014, para. 1). The mutation causes the a large number of oversized, abnormal B cells to accumulate in the lymphatic system, where they crowd out healthy cells and causes the signs and symptoms of Hodgkin’s ...view middle of the document...

B indicates that you may have significant signs and symptoms such as a persistent fever, unintended weight loss or sever night sweats ( Mayo Clinic Staff, “ Test and diagnosis,” 2014, para. 6).
There are four stages in Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Stage I the cancer is limited to one lymph node region or a single organ. Stage II the cancer is in two lymph nodes or the cancer has invaded the one organ and nearby lymph nodes, but the cancer is still limited to a section of the body either above or below the diaphragm. When the cancer moves to the lymph nodes both above and below the diaphragm, it’s considered stage III. Cancer may also be in one portion of tissue or an organ near the lymph nodes or spleen. Stage IV is the most advanced stage of this cancer; the cells are in several portions of one or more organs and tissue. In this stage of cancer it begins to affects other parts of the body, such as liver, lungs and the bones ( Mayo Clinic Staff, “ Test and diagnose,” 2014, para.2-6).
In Hodgkin’s lymphoma, cells in the lymphatic system grow abnormally and may spread beyond the lymphatic system. As this cancer progresses, it compromises your body’s ability to fight off infection ( Mayo Clinic Staff, “ Definition,” 2014, para. 2). If the body is unable to fight off infection homeostasis has been compromised.
Being diagnosed with lymphoma may affect patient’s usual daily activities. Feeling tired all the time may prevent when from working and even having a social life.
If I were to present this information to the general public, I would describe the terms in simpler form. I would describe the medical terms more in depth to help them get a better understanding of the disease. I would also use pictures.

References
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2014). Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Retrieved from
http://www.mayoclinic.org/disease-conditions/hodgkinslymphoma/basisc/definition

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