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Lvmh's Diversification Strategy Into Luxury Goods

5802 words - 24 pages

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY3 2.0 INTRODUCTION3 2.1 Background to Organization3 3.0 ANALYSIS3 3.1 Porters 5 Forces (Model of Competition)3 3.2 PESTEL (External Analysis)5 3.3 SWOT6 4.0 KEY FINDINGS OF ANALYSIS/PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION/ KEY STRATEGIC CONCERNS6 4.1 Vertical Integration6 4.2 Diversification7 5.0 POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS & STRATEGIES.8 7.0 CONCLUSION9 8.0 APPENDICES11 Appendix 1: Porters 5 Forces11 Appendix 3: Luxury Goods Group & Brands Top Ten Competitors13 Appendix 4: Industry Map*.14 Appendix 5: Financial Performance14 Appendix 6: PESTLE Analysis15 Appendix 7: SWOT Analysis16 Appendix 8: Evaluating industry Attractiveness and Competitive strength19 Appendix 9: A ...view middle of the document...

In order to analyse this case LVMH's history and financial data has been discussed in terms of its internal environment, its resources and competitive position.
2.1 Background to Organization LVMH is an international group of companies that produces and sells luxury goods. It is associated with a number of product lines such as wines, cosmetics, fragrances, fashion, watches, jewellery and retail and with the most prestigious brands in those sectors. Since it conception in 1987, when Louis Vuitton merged with Moet & Chandon champagne and Hennessy cognac, LVMH was conceived to be a star group. It's business strategy was based on acquiring brands based on the premise that the reputation of such brands "would lead to a long-term corporate advantage" (Thompson, Strickland & Gamble 2005, p. C509). The rapid portfolio diversification took off when Bernard Arnault became president of LVMH in 1989. He expanded the company and acquired a number of specialty retail department stores in Paris.
3.0 Analysis 3.1 Porters 5 Forces (Model of Competition) Given the range of luxury sectors that LVMH has diversified into, the analysis is centred on the LUXURY industry where the game is played by few groups. The appendices illustrate the following: Appendix: 1 Porter's 5 forces diagram Appendix: 2 LVMH's sectors and subsequent brands Appendix: 3 Top 10 Competitors Appendix: 4 Industry Map Industry & Competitors The luxury industry operates in a high competitive environment. The need to maintain desirability and uniqueness of each product/brand puts pressure on cost savings and product life cycles, creating a volatile environment where only companies with strong brands, financial resources and the ability to integrate their activities can survive. Advertising, communication and R&D expenses are very high. This is evidenced by LVMH's expenditure on this to be approximately 11% of sales in 2002 (Antoni 2003).
Training manufacturing employees is another costly element in an industry where the quality is measured by the final consumer in terms of perfection. This last element calls for constant improvement in; however at the same time requires the maintenance of the old manufacturing processes. Key managers that can run each business independently but with a group vision are also part of the equation. Additionally the luxury industry is strongly dependent on tourism which is influenced by economy trends. The 9-11 events and the global economy slowdown have had a great impact on the industry. Finally huge investments were done to win strategic position, having an important impact on revenues. Appendix 5 is an example of the proportion of cost and impact on revenues and the stock performance.
New entrants The risk coming from new entrants is low, except perhaps, for the development of niche brands that can slowly earn a position. The strong financial resources and the "story" of the brand that is needed to succeed are two elements that create a barrier....

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