Week 10 Tute: Ethics of Consumption (Assessed)
1. Who is the ‘we’ in the question ‘Why do we consume so much?’ is Juliet Schor correct that ‘there is increasingly little that we do which is not a consumption experience’? And that we have become a culture of excessive consumption? Explain your answers.
The ‘we’ in the text mean that most of the Americans who possess a basic normal life, stable income and the large middle classes whose standard of living has risen so dramatically over this century. The author is correct that there is gradually little that we do which is not a consumption experience. Material abundance has only intensified in recent years, with the booming economy of the 1990s and early 21st century. People nowadays had become a culture of excessive consumption. The amount of vehicles per person has increased, as has the size and luxuriousness of those vehicles. Americans use more on ...view middle of the document...
The statement ‘more leisured, less consumerist lifestyles are structurally blocked’, the labor market been offered only ‘the long hours, high-income choice, it’s barely unexpected that people tend to do lots of consuming. I agree with working more would encourages people to consume more because they think that the money that they spent is like compensate their toil and they also deserving a better life/ luxuries goods.
3. Schor refers to the second structural feature that creates too much consumption as ‘the ecological bias’. What does she mean by this? Do you agree with her that it is serious?
Ecological resources are natural resources that provide certain necessary but overlooked system maintenance functions within ecosystems. It treated as externalities or free goods, after thoughts in a world where production is created by capital and labor. I agree that it is serious. What we consume would also change, toward less ecologically damaging products and services.
4. Explain why you agree or disagree with Schor’s contention that consumption has become the old concept of ‘keeping up with the Joneses’ changed? Do you agree that it is difficult for individuals to resist or drop out of the consumption competition? Explain why or why not.
I agree that buying things nowadays had already become a with Schor’s contention that consumption has become a social struggle. We consume visibly, and extremely, because consumer lifestyles have become such a significant part of how we are distinct and how we adapted to socially differentiated societies. The old concept of ‘keeping up with the Joneses’ changed that the ‘reference groups’ that Americans now use to standardize their consumer objectives have become more vertical and less horizontal. And even more importantly, the upper twenty percent of the population have become a motivated target throughout society. I agree that it is difficult for individuals to resist or drop out of the consumption competition. In a consumption competition none of us can do it alone. Without an organizing inspiration each of us is trapped in what Schor once called the upward creep.