Lokmanya Tilak Essay

2430 words - 10 pages

Lokmanya Tilak

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Tilak is famous for his multi-faceted personality as a philosopher, a mathematician, promoter of Dharma and a legal expert. It is his principled and unrelenting personality that earned him the title of ‘Lokmanya’. The tough and fiery journalism of Lokmanya Tilak was instrumental in initiating the movement during pre-independence period for bringing about change in the mental setup of the people. 
* He was a traditionalist- both personally and ideologically. For him, throwing the Britishers out was the first priority.

* He led a simple life, and offered himself- his body and soul, to the service of his country. Tilak had no property. His clothes were very ...view middle of the document...

He was very independent minded and did not falter at expressing his opinions.

* The British colonial authorities called him the great leader as “Father of the Indian unrest”. He was also conferred with the honorary title of Lokmanya, which literally means “Accepted by the people (as their leader)”.

Early Life:
* When Tilak was ten years old, the family moved from Ratnagiri to Poona (modern day Pune). The move proved beneficial for Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s education. He joined the Anglo-Vernacular School which had renowned teachers. Within a few months, his mother passed away. When Bal was just 16 years old, his father passed away. Bal was married to a girl named Satyabhama who was 10 years old.
* He graduated with B.A and LLB degrees. The desire to serve his country was instilled in him by the stories his grandfather told him. He believed that “Religion and practical life are not different. To take to Sanyasa (renunciation) is not to abandon life. The real spirit is to make the country your family instead of working only for your own. The step beyond is to serve humanity and the next step is to serve God.”
* Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a strong critic of the Western education system, feeling it demeaned the Indian students and disrespected India’s heritage. He organized the Deccan Education Society with a few of his college friends, including Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Mahadev Ballal Namjoshi and Vishnu Krishna Chiplunkar whose goal was to improve the quality of education for India’s youth.
* The Deccan Education Society was set up to create a new system that taught young Indians nationalist ideas through an emphasis on Indian culture. Tilak began a mass movement towards independence that was camouflaged by an emphasis on a religious and cultural revival. He taught Mathematics at Fergusson College.
* The concept of “Swaraj” was unfamiliar and Tilak thought a good education could promote patriotism. With his classmate Gopal Ganesh Agarkar and Vishnushastry Chiplunkar, Tilak founded the New English School. It soon blossomed and transformed into the “Deccan Education Society”. This society founded the Fergusson College in Pune and today runs Fergusson College and the Greater Maharashtra Commerce and Economics College in Pune, the Willington College in Sangli and the Bombay College in Bombay as well as a number of high schools.
* The trio also started two newspapers “Kesari” in Marathi and “Maratha” in English.
* In 1890, due to differences with the board of Deccan Education Society, Tilak was forced to resign. With a heavy heart, he bid farewell to the very institutes he founded and worked for ten years. He then became active politically.
* From 1890 to 1897, he waged his war against the British rulers through his columns in his newspapers. His first ever priority was to throw out the British from India.
* He transformed local celebrations of Ganapathi Festival and the birthday of the Shivaji into national...

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