Linux Operating System
1. What are the two predominant Linux desktops currently in use? The GNOME and KDE.
2. Describe the following GNOME components or features in two to three sentences each:
PANEL: GNOME Panel is a highly configurable launcher and taskbar for GNOME. It formed a core part of the GNOME desktop in versions 1.x and 2.x. It has been replaced in GNOME 3.x by default with GNOME Shell, which only works with the Mutter window manager.
MENU BAR: The Menu bar in GNOME is an item on the panel. It is split into two sections: Applications and Actions. Applications is a menu of available applications installed, organized by category. Actions is a list of ...view middle of the document...
SHADING: 'Shading' shrinks a window so that only its title is visible.
LOCATION BAR: The location bar can show either a location field, a button bar, or a search field. Each is useful in different situations and as you become experienced working with the Nautilus file manager you will become proficient at switching between them.
NAUTILUS: The Nautilus is the official file manager for the Gnome desktop. The name is a play on words, evoking the shell of a nautilus to represent an operating system shell.
WORKPLACE: Workspaces allow you to manage which windows are on your screen. You can imagine workspaces as being virtual screens, which you can switch between at any time. Every workspace contains the same desktop, the same panels, and the same menus.
WORKSPACE SWITCHER: You can switch between workspaces in the following ways:
* In Workspace Switcher, click on the workspace where you want to work.
* Press Ctrl + Alt + right arrow to switch to the workspace on the right of the current workspace.
* Press Ctrl + Alt + left arrow to switch to the workspace on the left of the current workspace.
3. What is the purpose of each of the following components of the X window system?
X SERVER: An X server is a server of connections to X terminals in a distributed network that uses the X Window System. the applications in the remote computer with the X server are making client requests for the services of a windows manager that runs in each terminal.