CASE STUDY #9
1. The organism that is causing this disease is Haemophilus influenzae. This bacteria is this because meningitis would mean the doctor believed the disease was an infection affecting the nervous system. All of the gram negative diseases that affect the nervous system are Haemophilus influenzae, Mycobacterium leprae, Neisseria meningitidis, and Treponema pallidum. The organism cannot be Neisseria meningitides because it has diplococci. Mycobaacterium leprae doesn't stain with gram stain but rather ...view middle of the document...
2. Yes knowing that the child is unvaccinated really helps in knowing the diagnosis because a normal Hib Vaccination would have prevented Haemophilus influenza and all of the infections caused by it. Haemophilus Influenzae Type B is what Hib stands for and is usually given at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months and one year. If the child had received these vaccinations the child would not have the bacteria in their system.
3. The resin the CSF is cloudy is that when there is an infection in the body, like Haemophilus influenza the body has increased protein, decreased glucose, high white blood cells, and low red blood cells. The white cells and protein cause the fogginess and make the CSF cloudy.
4. Some infections Haemophilus Influenzae can cause are meningitis, pneumonia, sepsis, epiglottis, skin infections, bacteremia (bacteria in the blood), early arthritis, in some cases osteomyelitis(inflammation of bone or bone marrow), pericarditis, cellulitis and if the strain is unencapsulated maybe eye(conjuctivitis) or ear infections or even sinusitis(inflammation of the paranasal sinuses).