Liabilities - Effects Of Capital Vs. Operating Leases
Capital Leases - Effects On:
• Balance sheet - At the inception of a capital lease, the company leasing the equipment will record the equipment as an asset, and the company will also recognize a liability on the balance sheet, by an amount equal to the present value of the minimum lease payments.
The discount rate used will be the lower of the following two rates:
The lessor's ...view middle of the document...
It can be over the term of the lease (most common) or over the asset's useful life, if ownership transfers or a bargain purchase option is present.
• Income statement - A capital-lease payment includes two components: one is the interest expense - which is included in the income statement but is not part of operating income (earnings before taxes from continuing operations) - and the second component is the principal payment, which is included in the income statement and operating income. The interest portion will be higher in the first few years of the lease, and is consistent with the interest expense of an amortized loan. Total income over the life of the leased assets will be the same for operating and capital leases.
• Cash flow statement - Total cash flow statements remain unaffected by operating and capital leases. That said, cash flow from operations will include only the interest portion of the capital-lease expense. The principal payment will be included as a cash outflow from cash flow from financing activities. As a result, capital leases will overstate CFO and understate CFF.