TABLE OF CONTENTS
a) Organisational Change –an overview
b) Kurt Lewin and his theories of change
c) General Motors International
2. APPRAISAL OF KURT LEWIN’S 3- STEP MODEL
(Manufacturing change at General Motors as a case study)
3. CRITIQUES OF THE MODEL
In a dynamic world of increasing technology, competition, power relations and managerial opportunism, investment in Research and Development (R&D) by organisations and ...view middle of the document...
cited by: Andriopoulos and Dawson, 2009).
In analysing the various categories of change, research works have identified a number of traits used to classify the various levels and sorts of change. These include substance of change, scale and scope of change, timeframe of change.(Dawson and Adriopoulus,2009). Grundy (1993) also stated that three varieties of change has set a basis for how managers view change as a homogenous concept and coined them as Discontinuous, Smooth incremental and Bumpy incremental change(Senior and Fleming 2006).
Many organisations appear in continuous state of change with many factors being the backbone of those changes. Such factors include: acceleration of technological innovation, globalization of SMEs, increase in customer demand, and change in government policies.
Born in 1890, the German Jew, Kurt Lewin, pioneered a lot of behavioural and environmental theories which are seen to have a great impact on the present day social psychology.