Generally organizations are complex entities often very difficult to control and to administer. In this sense “key persons” like Leaders and Managers are vital parts of an organization. But what is leadership, what is management and what is the difference between them?
Maxwell defines leadership as an “influence - nothing more, nothing less.” and a leader’s purpose according to Kent is “to create direction and the unified will to pursue to through the development of people’s thinking and valuing”.
One of the most interesting phenomena in companies is that employees are afraid of the “change” (Prashant Bordia, Effects of poor Change Management history on employee attitudes and turnover). Taking an example of my personal working experience as a team leader, I had to make some changes, in the development tool that we used. The ...view middle of the document...
Therefore, a manager’s purpose is to determine and compare the alternative uses and to allocate resources in order to accomplish his goals (Kent).
And that was my purpose, when I was working as a project manager for a small business project in Altec. My duties were to fulfill the project in the amount of time that had left, to work with allocated resources that my company transferred to the project and to be within the allocated budget. Although, we had strict time schedule, I’ve used the resources and the budget in an appropriate way (Software Project Management, Bob Hughes & Mike Cotterell, 2006).
However I have little working experience as a manager it is easy to say the differences between Management and Leadership. As it is mentioned before the differences are the purposes. While Management has the “judicious use of means to accomplish an end”, Leadership has the “Vision for the end product and not the rule or paths to get there” (leadership vs. management, John Kumle, Nancy J Kelly, 2006, Vol. 67).
Despite of the differences, leadership and management has a common ground. This is the task of Decision-Making (Drucker, Ralph W. Shrader) which is the process that leads to an action. Therefore, both leader and manager should have the capacity to make decisions for the common good, team, project, organization. For example a software team-leader should take the decision about the software platforms and a project manager should take the decision of what resources will be allocated in the project team.
To conclude Managing and Leadership are two functions practically inseparable (Kent). Therefore the complete Manager should be also a leader and a complete leader should be a Manager. But how is this feasible? It would be interesting if we could further investigate how this is feasible.