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Leadership Theory Essay

438 words - 2 pages

BSBA – FM – 4A OCTOBER 2, 2015

Ten Leadership Theories
1. The Great Man Theory – Great Leaders are Born, not Made.
2. The Trait Theory of Leadership – Ideal Characteristics for Leaders.
3. The Skills Theory of Leadership – Ideal Technical, Personal and Conceptual Skills for Managers and Leaders.
4. The Style Theories of Leadership – e.g Leadership Continuum, Managerial Grid.
5. The Situational Leadership Theory – There is no-one-size-fits-all-model, the leader must adapt.
6. The Contingency Theory - There is no-one-size-fits-all-model, choose an appropriate leader.
7. Transactional Leadership Theory – People follow leaders based on ‘transactions’ – a mix of rewards, ...view middle of the document...

The Great Man Theory – Great Leaders are Born, not Made.
This approach emphasized that a person is born with or without the necessary traits of leaderships. Early explanations of leadership studied the “traits” of great leaders. Belief that people were born with these traits and only the great people possessed them.
Great Man approach actually emphasis “charismatic” leadership. Charisma being the Greek word for gift. No matter what group such a natural leader finds himself in, he will always be recognized for what he is. According to the great man theory of leadership, leadership calls for certain qualities like commanding personality, charm, courage, intelligence, persuasiveness and aggressiveness.
The Trait Theory of Leadership – Ideal Characteristics for Leaders.
What characteristics or traits make a person a leader? Great Man Theory: Individuals are born either with or without the necessary traits for leadership. Trait theories of leadership sought personality, social, physical or intellectual traits that differentiate leaders from non leaders. Trait view has little analytical or predictive value, technical, conceptual and human skills.
* Ambition and energy
* The desire to lead
* Honesty and integrity
* Self-confidence
* Intelligence 

The trait theory is based on the great man theory, but it is more systematic in its analysis of leaders. Like the great man theory, this theory assumes that the leader’s personal traits are the key to leadership success. Personality Traits Abilities Personal Traits Motivators
* Job Security
* High Financial Reward
* Working Class Affinity
* Power Over Others
* Maturity
* Masculinity/Femininity
* Self-actualization
* Initiative
* Decisiveness
* Intelligence Achievement
* Self-Assurance
* Need for Occupational
* Supervising Ability

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