Latino/Hispanic Ethnic Group
White and Black are races that are outlined throughout the world. People generally feel you either fit in these racial categories or you don’t. The Latino/Hispanic group is defined more by ethnicity, relatively more complex than just race. The U.S. Census Bureau outlines this ethnic group as a separate entity than White or Black people. There is even White and Black Latinos or Hispanics depending on how they choose to identify. There is a broad range of variability in this ethnic group as well as some cultural, language and religious differences as well as a few different subgroups.
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They are identified by their origins and referred to as such. Some of the most populated subgroups are the Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Salvadorans and Dominicans.
The other important identifying factor that separates these subgroups are the differences in their characteristics such as median age, economic factors, education, and geographical locations. The majority of the Hispanics in this country identifies as Mexican Hispanics. With the Dominican being the least represented group out of the bunch. The Cubans are living longer than the Mexicans while the Salvadorans are least likely to get a college degree. Most subgroups usually stay relatively close to each other but offer differences in that most Mexicans, as well as Salvadorans live in western states, Cubans are south and lastly, Puerto Ricans and Dominicans are concentrated in the Northeast proximity of the country.
Being that Hispanics are concentrated in different areas but still spread out, still shows how diverse this ethnicity is. While Latino/Hipanic groups are not a race the question still remains to be answered, White Hispanic, or Non-White Hispanic? This is due in part to the African integration of Hispanic ancestry as well. More like Latin American. Much of Latin American and the Caribbean’s were populated before “discovery” by slave immigrants. It is not widely known that a lot of the cultural character of Latin America is greatly influenced by African influence. Latin America is different from African because since the Africans were immigrants they were still forced to adapt to the ways of Latin America. Strong assimilation forced African to lose cultural identity, yet many elements remained and some were altered. People from Africa, both slaves and freemans became part of the Latino population in Latin American because they adapted many of their religious affiliations in addition to cultural changes. African left footprints of their culture as well introducing dance, carnivals and poetry amongst many. Other countries were founded after the cultural exchange and from the immigrant descendents. Haiti, in particular, was founded “representing a symbol of Black independence and a catalyst for 19th century Black Nationalism.”
However, as things did appear to get better, there were other aspects that were not there just yet. Blacks had influence in Latin America were still facing segregation. One major aspect was from the political standpoint. The Cuban government isolated political affairs on bases of race and color. This even elicited a war in which 3000 Afro-Cubans were killed. Since then, advances has been made, Black are now in positions of power and it is even projected that in forthcoming years, one third of the region’s population will be descendents of African slaves.
With Latino/Hispanic being such a diverse group of all, European, African, etc. We all know that color is still a factor. As well know people all range in different...