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L4 Essay

1139 words - 5 pages

北京市北师大附属实验中学2016年春季普通高中会考
地 理 样 卷

试卷说明:
1. 本试卷共14页,2道大题,54道小题。
2. 卷面分值100分,考试时间100分钟。
3. 第I卷答案用2B铅笔填涂在机读卡上,第II卷答案用黑色签字笔答在卷面上。
第I卷 单项选择题(共50分)
气象卫星(meteorological satellite)是从太空对地球及其大气层进行气象观测的人造地球卫星。读图1“天体系统示意图”,完成第1、2题。






图1
1.“风云2号”气象卫星的运行范围是图1中天体系统的
A.河外星系 B.银河系​ C.太阳系​ D.地月系
2. 甲是目前人类认识到唯一存在生命的星球,有利于其形成生命的条件是
①有合适的温度 ②所在宇宙环境安全
③有适合生物呼吸的大气 ④有昼夜交替的现象
A.①②③   B.②③④  C.①②④  D.①③④
3.关于太阳的叙述,正确的是
A.太阳辐射产生磁暴和极光
B.太阳辐射的主要标志是黑子和耀斑
C.太阳活动会干扰地球电离层和无线电短波通讯
D.太阳活动是地球能量的主要来源
纪念中国人民抗日战争暨世界反法西斯战争胜利70周年阅兵式于2015年9月3日上午10点(北京时间)在天安门广场举行;完成4、5题。
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近年来,为改善城市水循环,北京大力铺设透水砖,增加绿地,由此可以加强的水循环环节是
A.a、b
B.a、c
C.b、d
图7
D.a、d
图8 是某同学绘制的“某季节气压带风带分布示意图(局部)”,读图完成16~18题。
16.该时段,北京正处于
A. 春季 B.夏季 C.秋季 D.冬季
17.图中
A.甲带气流上升,多雨 B.乙带为西风带
C.丙带的风向为东南风 D.丁带气流上升,干热
18.在甲带和丁带交替控制下形成的气候,其特征是
A.夏季高温多雨,冬季寒冷干燥
B.常年炎热干燥 图8
C.全年高温,降水分干湿两季
D.常年高温多雨
2015年9月24日,太平洋上空的水汽云图呈现出一张超萌的“娃娃脸”,如图9,图中深色部分为水汽(云)。读图完成19、20题。
19.图9“娃娃脸卫星云图”中的两只眼睛对应的天气系统应为
A.冷锋​
B.暖锋
C.气旋 ​
D.反气旋
20.“两只眼睛”所在区域最大风力均在10级以上,由此判断图9海区最可能位于
A.北太平洋中低纬度
B.北太平洋中高纬度
C.南太平洋中低纬度
D.南太平洋中高纬度 图9
植被是自然地理环境的一面镜子。图中甲乙丙代表不同自然带,颜色越深表明植被覆盖率越高,图中A、B、C代表洋流。读图完成21~24题。
21.从甲经乙再到丙,颜色逐渐变浅,这体现出的地域分异规律是
A.经度地带性 B.纬度地带性
C.垂直地带性 D.非地带性
22. 图中甲到丙地域分异规律形成的基础是
A.水分 B.热量 C.地形 D.洋流
图10
23.对图中洋流类型和成因的叙述,正确的是
A.A洋流流向主要受东南信风影响
B.A洋流位于大陆西岸,为寒流
C.B洋流属于中高纬度海区洋流
D.B洋流流向主要受中纬西风影响 图10
24. 对图中洋流地理意义的叙述,正确的是
A.A洋流存在的上升流不利渔场形成
B.B洋流减少了沿岸陆地植被多样性
C.B洋流促进高低纬度间的热量交换
D.C洋流加速了太平洋的污染物扩散
人口金字塔图可以形象地呈现当今人口性别和年龄的构成,并预测未来人口发展。图11呈现了印度2011年最新人口普查的结果,读图完成25题。

图11
25.图11的统计数据反映出印度
A.总人口尚不足10亿 B.尚未出现老龄化问题
C.可能有偏好女孩的传统 D.人口与环境和谐发展
新加坡被称作“城市国家”,面积不及北京的通州区大。国土狭小使得水资源的汇集和保存成为难题。经过填海工程,新加坡已经由上世纪60年代初的582km2扩展到2015年的719km2;水资源问题则通过海水淡化、向邻国购买、循环再利用等措施解决。据此回答26~27题。
26.制约新加坡环境承载力的主要因素是
A.科技发展水平​ B.土地和水资源 C.消费水平 D.热量
27.文字材料说明,新加坡提高人口合理容量的主要措施不包括
A.发展科技​ B.扩展国土 C.对外开放 D.控制消费
读图12“某城市某区域日均公交客运量统计图”,回答28题。

图12
28. 该区域最可能是
A.游览区
B.工业区
C.住宅区
D.商业区


2014年9月22日,中国政府向联合国捐赠了全球首套30米分辨率地表覆盖数据。图13为该数据库中“北京地区2000年和2010年人造地表分布”,读图回答29、30题。

图13
29.图中反映出北京地区城市化的标志为
A.人口数量增加 B.城区面积扩大 C.产业结构变化 D.道路密度增加
30. 北京城市化过程中出现的主要问题是
A.地铁建设严重滞后 B.生态破坏日益严重
C.文物古迹普遍被毁 D.交通拥堵逐渐加重
31.甜菜和甘蔗都是我国重要的糖料作物。我国的甜菜主要分布在黑龙江、内蒙古、新疆等地;而甘蔗主要分布在广东、广西、云南和台湾等地。造成这两种作物在我国分布地区差异的主导因素是
A.热量​ B.光照​ ​C.降水​ D.温差
32.近年来,北京市场上出现了品种繁多的热带水果,这主要是因为
①北京自然条件的变化 ②经济发展和市场需求的变化
③热带水果产量的变化 ④交通发展和冷藏技术的进步
A.①② B.②④  ​C.②③ ​D.③④
33.读图14“美国中部某地农业生产景观”,对这种农业地域类型特点的叙述,正确的是

图14
A.精耕细作,单产量高  ​​ B.规模大,总产量高
C.主要种植水稻和小麦​​ D.土壤肥沃,不使用农药化肥
近年来北京市汽车工业发展迅速。韩国现代等汽车集团落户北京,与北京周边地区兴起的汽车零部件企业形成汽车产业集群。据此回答34~36题。
34.韩国汽车厂商在我国北京建厂考虑的主导区位因素是
A.市场 B.交通 C.技术 D. 原料
35.北京及其附近地区汽车产业集群化有利于
A.减少环境污染 B.降低地租价格
C.共用廉价劳动力 D.加强信息交流与协作
36.北京汽车保有量逐年增加,给城市环境带来不利影响,为改善环境、促进城市可持续发展采取的合理措施有
①严禁市民购买汽车 ②鼓励发展新能源汽车
③发展公共交通和地铁 ④严禁外地车辆进入北京
A.①②​ B.③④ C.②③ ​​D. ①③
从2011年底到2015年底,北京市无燃煤供热范围将由核心区扩展到五环内。据此完成37~38题。
37.无燃煤供热对环境的有利影响是
A.解决能源短缺 B.改善空气质量
C.缓解用地紧张 D.促进产业转移
38.我国西部地区为北京市供应天然气,这符合可持续发展的
A.整体性原则 B.持续性原则 C.区域性原则 D.共同性原则
读图15“我国三大自然区和资源跨区域调配示意图”,回答39~41题。
图15
...

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