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Keeping Information Secure Essay

1741 words - 7 pages

Keeping information secure in the workplace

Hacking

A hacker is a person who breaks codes and passwords to gain unauthorised entry to computer systems. A system hacker knows about designing and maintaining operating systems and a password hacker knows how to find out someone else's password.

Computer hacking is most common among teenagers and young adults, although there are many older hackers as well. Many hackers enjoy learning more about how computers work and get excitement out of cracking the security of remote computer systems. They often enjoy programming and have expert-level skills in one particular program. For these individuals, computer hacking is a real life application ...view middle of the document...

They take the term virus from the biological word, because they do just what a real virus would do to a human.

A virus is inactive until you execute an infected program or application or start your computer from a disk that has infected system files. Once a virus is active, it loads into your computer's memory and may save itself to your hard drive or copies itself to applications or system files on disks you use.

Some viruses are programmed specifically to damage the data on your computer by corrupting programs, deleting files, or even erasing your entire hard drive. Many viruses do nothing more than display a message or make sounds at a certain time. Other viruses make your computer's system behave erratically or crash frequently. Sadly many people who have problems or frequent crashes using their computers do not realize that they have a virus and live with the inconveniences.

To prevent this from happening
Purchase anti virus software
Purchase and install an antivirus program such as Kaspersky Antivirus, Norton Antivirus or McAffe Antivirus on every computer attached to the network. This is the only way to protect them all against infection. Some companies provide discounts or bulk licenses for multiple
Keep anti virus software updated
Keep all antivirus programs updated. An antivirus program that isn't updated will not prevent new virus infections. Update all the antivirus programs on the network when they're installed and schedule regular updates.
Install firewalls
Install software firewalls on all of your computers. Installing a software firewall is important in preventing worms from spreading in your network. A worm is like a virus, but instead of using files or emails to spread, it will exploit vulnerabilities in networked computers. Worms are often so effective that every computer on your network can be infected in minutes.

Fraud

Fraud means to pretend you are someone else and use their money, accounts to buy things or subscribe to things in their name. Fraud has been around for a long time, it is not something that has only recently arrived with the Internet.

With more consumers discovering the convenience of e-commerce they now feel comfortable purchasing goods and services online.  As the internet continues to thrive with technology and millions in sales, the malicious crime of fraud has become a bigger issue.

These individuals who do this crime have easy access to advanced software that enables them to manipulate your computer to obtain the sensitive information they want. To make matters worse, you can be a victim of computer fraud without even knowing your machine has been compromised.

It is important your business protects itself from this because many businesses are not doing enough to protect their own data and that of employees and customers.

Data misuse

Copying and illegal transfer of data is very quick and easy using online computers and large storage devices such as hard disks and...

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