Jft Task 1 Essay

2421 words - 10 pages

A1. Bill Bailey is currently serving as the Chairman of the Board for the Utah Opera. He is part of the committee that originally discussed the merger. He expressed concerns about the different business models of the two different companies. The Opera hires people as needed and can adjust projects and staffing as needed. The symphony is a 52 week orchestra without that flexibility. He is also concerned the Opera could lose its identity. He should utilize Adam’s Equity Theory of Motivation. This theory is a “model of motivation that explains how people strive for fairness and justice in social exchanges or give-and-take relationships. “ (Kreitner, 2009) This explains individual’s motivations ...view middle of the document...

A2. Mrs. Abravanel is a very well respected member of the community, particularly the arts community due to her late husband’s prestige. It is critical that Mrs. Abravanel place her support behind the merger to also get the community’s buy in. She was quoted as saying “Maurice (her late husband the conductor) would never take second billing to anyone. He would be hammering the inside of his casket [about the merger].” Right now she is looking at the situation all wrong so it is up to Scott Parker to convince her otherwise. He should utilize the expectancy theory. In this theory it “holds that people are motivated to behave in ways that produce valued outcomes.” Right now Mrs. Abravanel sees the merger as enveloping the Symphony and it loses its prestige. What she doesn’t understand is that without the merger, the Symphony and Opera might suffer. Ultimately she values the success of the Symphony so it is up to Scott Parker to explain how this will keep the Symphony afloat and help it continue into the future. This will then in turn change her behavior so she can still get the valued result. A3. There are two types of power that an individual can have. The first is positional power. This is a granted power from someone else such as an employer. So Anne has been asked to head the new organization if the merger should occur. There are different types of positional power that one can utilize. There is legitimate power, reward power and coercive power. With legitimate power, this is gives the person the ability to lead simply based on their position and the employees they are over. Reward power is where a manager has the capacity to reward the employees and coercive is the opposite where the manager has the ability to take something away if the employee does not perform a request. Anne ultimately is being granted

the positional power based on the organization chart created by the merger committee. This gives her the authority to speak and people will have to listen. However she needs to create an environment where she will speak and people will want to listen. She can expect them to follow her orders, but ultimately she will need to gain the respect and acceptance to have them follow her through what will be a rough time while the companies merge. While these can be used in moderation, a true leader does not rely on these. “As opposed to a manager having the authority to make others do things, a leader leads through his or her ability to influence others to do things—accomplished by using a certain degree of power or charisma.” (Fracaro, 2008) A3b. At this point Anne has been given the positional power needed, but in order to achieve buy in from the community and the organizations and become a leader of a groundbreaking new venture she will need to utilize her personal power. “Personal power is the ability to exert influence in an organization beyond the authority granted through position. This type of power may include job knowledge,...

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