IWT1 Task One
Art from all periods share many similarities but they also have some profound differences as well. Throughout time artists have taken from prior periods and helped shaped future ones. In this essay I will compare and contrast art from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance periods.
A1. Earlier Historical Art Period
The Middle-Ages is a period of time between the 5th and 15th century. Most art during the Middle-Ages was commissioned by the Catholic Church. Therefore the art tends to be mostly religious in nature and focused on creating symbols of Christian concepts and values. Artwork from this period served a purpose such as teaching spiritual truths and ...view middle of the document...
Today the term “renaissance man” is used to describe someone who has a wide variety of interests, and expertise in many fields.
The major similarity between the Middle-Ages and the Renaissance period is that religion continued to play a huge part in society and in the artwork being produced. During the transition however a shift in thinking began to take place and people started to balance religion, science and education and put a greater emphasis on human beings and less on deities. Increased emphasis on the individual rather than the group as seen in the Middle Ages meant that while artists during the Middle-Ages frequently did not sign works of art, artists during the Renaissance did.
Human forms during the Middle-Ages were characterized by expressionless faces with bodies in stiff, unrealistic poses while human subjects during the Renaissance period were quite lifelike. They had more lifelike poses and faces filled with expression and emotion.
The media and paints used differed as well and contributed to the difference in the overall look and feel of paintings between the two periods. For example Tempura paints were used during the Middle-Ages which dried too quickly making it very hard to correct mistakes whereas paintings during the Renaissance were done using oil paints which dried much slower allowing painters to correct mistakes, create more realistic textures, and to create new color blends previous not available with paints from earlier periods.
A4. Comparison of Works
An example of a painting from the Middle Ages is Ugolino Di Nerio’s The Last Supper 1325-30
An example of a painting from the Renaissance is Michelangelo’s, The Creation of Adam 1511-1512
In the Creation of Adam, you can see Adam very relaxed and reaching out, almost touching God and while there is a religious aspect to it such as there is in Nerio’s Last Supper,...