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Islamist Movements Essay

1112 words - 5 pages

Islamist Movements
Throughout the 20th century in Afghanistan, many violent and nonviolent Islamist Movements have emerged. Some of the more violent movements include the Taliban, al-Qa’ida, and the Islamic State. The Taliban originated during the Soviet, US, and Saudi Arabian supported civil war in Afghanistan from the Pakistani-trained, US sponsored mujahidin. This civil war, the bombing at Kabul, and the many massacres of civilians contributed to the emergence of the group. The US got involved in the civil war to help out allies, in which led to a bundle of hatred for the US by the Taliban. The ideology of the Taliban is an innovative form of shari’a, which combines Pashtun tribal ...view middle of the document...

They focus on centralized decision making with decentralized actions. This is explained in Bin Laden’s words when he said, “We are Islam’s children, led by Muhammad. Al-Qa’ida just trains; members and groups chose their actions”. They fight against those claiming as heretics and those who plan to destroy their mosques and centers.
The Islamic State emerged as Jama’at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad in 1999 during its beginnings. It was renamed al-Qa’ida in Iraq in 2004. This group took part in insurgency after a US invasion in 2003. They then joined Sunni Mujahidin Council and formed the Islamic State of Iraq in 2006. Many Iraqis rejected the idea due to the violent tactics like the suicide bombings. In 2013 the group was again renamed to ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and Levant), which has been growing under al-Baghdadi and creating presence in Syrian civil war. This group has proclaimed worldwide caliphate and authority over all Muslims in 2014. The Islamic State has very similar perspectives as al-Qa’ida. They aim to bring Muslim regions worldwide under a centralized control group and proceed according to al-Qa’ida’s agenda and strategies.
All of these groups have similar focuses and agendas. They mainly want rid of all outsiders that are influencing their countries in certain ways. The US is an example of this and is why these groups have such hatred for them and many places in the West. In some ways these groups do not necessarily go hand in hand with what Muhammad preached. He commanded not to mutilate the enemy, that non-combatants, animals, or plants should be killed, not to destroy property or harm prisoners of war, and to honor peace treaties. Not all of these commands are followed on a day-to-day basis, but then again we are all only human.
Along with the violent, comes non-violent Islamist Movements of al-‘Adl wa’l-lhsan, Hizmet, and the Nur Ashki Sufi Order. Al-‘Adl wa’l-lhsan was founded by ‘Abdessalam Yassine in 1970s as an alternative to government-supported Sufi Order due to male-domination in the hierarchical structure. It was deemed illegal after the founder was placed under house arrest for criticizing the government of King Hassan II. It actively recruits from all classes, especially those in need, to which it offers support. It rejects male domination in the authoritarian...

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