This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Introduction To Psychology Essay

1274 words - 6 pages

1. Who were the peoples whom Europeans came into contact with in American in 1492?

The peoples who Europeans came into contact with in the American in fourteen ninety two is the Ciboney or Guanahacabible. They also met the three major Caribbean groups whom they labelled Arawak, Caribs and Maya.

2. Choose one South American indigenous group and one Caribbean indigenous group. How were they described by European explorers/ invaders [refer to appearance, religious, beliefs, gender role and political system]?

One South American indigenous group is the Taino. The Taino were very religious people, and they had very distinctive theological ideas. They expressed their religious ...view middle of the document...

The exact theological relationship between chiefs who ruled the villages, gods and the community remains unclear. However we do know that the chiefs had considerable political and social power and this was based on the belief that they had been empowered by a divine spirit.

As in all civilisations the Taino political system varied from place to place. The size of communities was clearly and important determining factor in politics. The small settlements in the Lesser Antilles were organised in a similar way with minor variations, in comparison with the large settlements in the Greater Antilles.

All communities were ruled by a chief or cacique, no matter their size. The chief was usually male and was not a military person but a civic leader with responsibility for judicial or legal, cultural, political and religious functions.

Gender roles
To be effective conuco planning and management required skilful decision-making, and the recruitment of organised labour within the family. Men and women were assigned different roles, indicating developed ideas about gender and production. Young men did infrastructural work on the conuco. They felled threes, cleared the hand-dug drains, heaped the soil and planted the crops. Women took day-to-day care of the crops the clearing of weeds and the watering of planted seeds and roots. Children helped with clearing the crops of pest, weeding to clear crops of parasitic vines and chasing away birds.

Taino women would leave their villages at dawn so that they could complete a day’s labour by midday and avoid the afternoon sun and heat. So the management role of women in agriculture was very important. Women made important decisions that influenced the yield of the output of the conuco. They needed to have an in-depth understanding of relationship between crops and soil, and how different plants related to each other within the same field.

They were describe by Columbus in letters as “naked as the day they were born”.

One Caribbean indigenous group is the Kalinago

Religion/ beliefs
The kalinago did not have spirit gods called Zemis. Their religion was entirely centred on the individual relationship with the spiritual self. Each person had a personal spirit deity or god, which took many physical forms. They offered material goods, such as water and food, to their personal deity.

They believed that the world was divided into good and evil spirits that fought each other for supremacy and that the individual mind was the battle field of this struggle. In their society, they supported persons who functioned as priest or shamans. It was their duty to help the different spirits reach reconciliation. In other words, the priest’s task was to settle conflict between people and maintain harmony within the community.

So the Kalinago did not have hereditary ruling families from which a cacique was selected. Their society was much less hierarchical than...

Other assignments on Introduction To Psychology

Short Answer Essay

385 words - 2 pages the interior temperatures, some will create rooms that help make overcrowded rooms feel less crowded when they are crowded by raising the ceilings of the rooms during construction, some will try to make a room feel bigger by having larger windows put in instead of the standard size windows these small changes help with the functioning of the room as well as the functioning of those who utilize it. References Steg, L. (2013). Environmental psychology: An introduction to environmental psychology.

The Four Goals Of Psychology Essay

512 words - 3 pages control. Describe, is when you observe. You look, watch, and listen so that you are able to identify and classify mental processes and behaviors as precise as possible. Ivan Pavlov was a physiologist studying digestive processes on his dogs when he came up with the concept of classical conditioning. Using the first goal of psychology, he observed that when his assistants dressed in white lab coats had come to bring edible and non-edible items

Beh 225 Heridity And Hormones

390 words - 2 pages behavior. We have two things that influences or affects the heredity on human behavior, which are behavior genetics and evolutionary psychology. The difference between behavior genetics and evolutionary psychology is that behavior genetics concentrates on the relationship between heredity and behavior. Evolutionary psychology focuses on the origin of the behavior and mental process. Psychologists study behavior genetics to learn how in a genetic

Research Methods

256 words - 2 pages PSYC 1003: INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY Research Methods in Psychology Their Advantages and Disadvantages Method Case history Advantages Good source of hypotheses. Provides in-depth information on individuals. Unusual cases can shed light on situations/problems that are unethical or impractical to study in other ways. Allows description of behaviour as it occurs in the natural environment. Often useful in first stages of research program


6732 words - 27 pages , perspectives and modern trends in Developmental Psychology 2. To foster interest in Developmental Psychology as a field of study and research 3. To make the students aware of the implications and applications of the various concepts, principles and theories of Developmental Psychology in daily life in the Indian context Semester III Unit 1. Introduction - Beginnings a) New Conceptions; An Orientation to Lifespan Development b) Key Issues and

Literature And Poetry

623 words - 3 pages pasess the test or not. this is Cognitive Psychology. Referrence: :Textbook Introduction to PsychologyISBN-13:  9781934920565  See moreAuthor(s): Editorial Board The teachings of Confucius: Reviving a humanistic adult education perspective. Revisiting community work from a psychodynamic perspective

Motivation Theories

301 words - 2 pages no one has referred to me as restless, innovative, or drawn toward change and movement. I feel that I would have been more successful in making money if I was more motivated by achievement. However, that leads to a different question as to what truly makes a person happy, money or fulfillment? References McAdams, D. P. (2006). The person: A new introduction to personality psychology. (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley


302 words - 2 pages Michael Cedeño June 1, 2015 Introduction Discussion My name is Michael Cedeño and I am 24 years young. I graduated St. Brendan High School in 2008 with a full scholarship to Florida International University. I graduated FIU in 2014 with a bachelor’s degree in Biology and Psychology. The original plan was to attend medical school immediately after graduating but I was always intrigued by the idea of obtaining an MBA. I also felt like I had a


300 words - 2 pages has set a basis for how managers view change as a homogenous concept and coined them as Discontinuous, Smooth incremental and Bumpy incremental change(Senior and Fleming 2006). Many organisations appear in continuous state of change with many factors being the backbone of those changes. Such factors include: acceleration of technological innovation, globalization of SMEs, increase in customer demand, and change in government policies. Born in 1890, the German Jew, Kurt Lewin, pioneered a lot of behavioural and environmental theories which are seen to have a great impact on the present day social psychology.

Cognitive Views On Learning

3462 words - 14 pages rewarded or punished. (Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (2006). An overview of the behavioral perspective. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. ) HISTORY Behaviourism is derived from the belief that free will is an illusion. According to a pure behaviourist, ( John B. Watson (1878-1958)) human beings are shaped entirely by their external environment. Alter a person's environment, and you will alter his or her

Hrm Commitment

1563 words - 7 pages ) higher level of job satisfaction and commitment associated with lower level of absenteeism, but on other hand Ilgen & Hollenback (1997) and Porter & Steers (1973) found no significant relation ship between commitment and absenteeism at all. (Chapter 8, Introduction to Industrial/Organisational Psychology by Ronald E Riggio, Fourth Edition) Arnold & Feldmen (1982), and Stumpf & Hartman (1984) on other hand discovered that job satisfaction

Similar Documents

Introduction To Cross Cultural Psychology Essay

1502 words - 7 pages Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology University of Phoenix Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology Culture plays an important part in one’s life as it relates to the field of psychology. Culture enables one to define him or herself and differ from one to another, and helps one survive. Culture facilitates self-expression, through language

History Of Psychology Essay

924 words - 4 pages work: how to think, to learn, feel, perceive. Without these discoveries, it would be hard for people to empower themselves for further work, and above all self-education. References: Bergenhahn, B.R. (2009). An Introduction to the History of Psychology. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. 6th edition. Landrum, R. Eric. Brief History of Psychology. Boise State University. Retrieved from:

Critically Compare And Contrast The Public Health Approach

975 words - 4 pages COMMUNITY AND HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY PYC 4811 MEHROONISA ANSARI STUDENT NUMBER: 568-578-8 TOPIC: Critically compare and contrast the Community psychology and Public Health Approaches to social problems. TABLE OF CONTENTS CONTENT PAGE Introduction

Mhu Degree Plan Essay

415 words - 2 pages Option) ANT 3513 The Human Skeleton ANT 3523 Medical Anthropology ANT 3883 Death and Dying BIO 1033 Drugs and Society BIO 3613 The Biology of Aging GRG 3443 Medical Geography *HTH 2413 Introduction to Community and Public Health (fulfills 080 Social and Behavioral Science or 090 Component Area Option) *HTH 2513 Personal Health (fulfills 080 Social and Behavioral Science or 090 Component Area Option) PSY 2073 Statistics for Psychology PSY