This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Institutions And Governance: A New Treaty, A Newly Elected Parliament And Anew Commission

9969 words - 40 pages

JCMS 2010 Volume 48 Annual Review pp. 95–118

Institutions and Governance: A New Treaty,
a Newly Elected Parliament and a
New Commission
jcms_2096 95..118

DESMOND DINAN
George Mason University

Introduction
Elections for the European Parliament (EP) and the nomination of a new
European Commission made 2009 a particularly important year with regard
to European Union institutions and governance. More significant than these
five-yearly events, however, was the long-delayed ratification and implementation of the Lisbon Treaty. In June 2009, EU leaders approved a Decision ‘on
the concerns of the Irish people on the Treaty of Lisbon’, which they annexed
to the European Council ...view middle of the document...

As expected, the Treaty passed by an impressive
majority of 67 per cent, with a 59 per cent turnout.
Ireland was not the only country not to have ratified before the end of
2009. President Lech Kaczynski of Poland, who strongly opposed the Treaty,
´
reluctantly signed the instrument of ratification on 10 October. Czech president Václav Klaus, an ardent Eurosceptic, refused to sign the instrument of
ratification until the last possible moment. Klaus raised an eleventh-hour
concern that the treaty could open the way for property claims by ethnic
Germans expelled from Czechoslovakia after World War II. EU leaders
appeased Klaus by giving the Czech Republic an opt-out from the Charter of
Fundamental Rights. Having milked the ratification procedure for all it was
worth, Klaus finally signed on 3 November, allowing the Treaty to come into
effect on 1 December 2009.
Germany’s parliament had voted in good time to ratify the Treaty, but the
president was unable to sign the instrument of ratification pending a ruling by
the Constitutional Court on the compatibility of the Treaty with Germany’s
Basic Law. The Court finally ruled in June 2009 that the Lisbon Treaty was
indeed compatible, subject to a change in Germany on the role of parliament
in EU decision-making. Although proponents of the Treaty breathed a sigh of
relief, a closer look at the lengthy court ruling revealed that it raised several
red flags about the direction of European integration (see Dougan, this
volume). In particular, the court emphasized the limits of EU competence and
the existence of a ‘structured democratic deficit’ which only national parliaments, not the EP, could possibly close (Federal Constitutional Court, 2009).
If anything, the ruling should have reassured Eurosceptics as to the limits of
European integration.
This article begins with a comment on the lengthy treaty reform process,
the significance of the Lisbon Treaty and the steps taken in 2009 to prepare for
its implementation. The article then looks at the conduct and outcome of the
EP elections, followed by the nomination of the second Barroso Commission.
A final section examines the implications of the financial crisis and economic
recession for EU governance and institutions.
I. The Lisbon Treaty
The Lisbon Treaty, the latest and probably the last major revision of the
foundational treaties, is highly consequential for the EU. It was also politically
© 2010 The Author(s)
Journal compilation © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd

INSTITUTIONS AND GOVERNANCE

97

costly, having taken eight years to complete, beginning with the Constitutional
Convention and ending with the protracted ratification procedure. The saga of
the Lisbon Treaty shows how fraught the process of treaty reform has become
and the touchiness of European integration for politicians and the public alike.
The background to the Treaty was the determination of EU leaders – in national
governments and EU institutions – to...

Other assignments on Institutions And Governance: A New Treaty, A Newly Elected Parliament And Anew Commission

Financial Institutions And Financial Markets Essay

1111 words - 5 pages Financial Institutions and Financial Markets FIN/370 Financial Institutions and Financial Markets The state of the economy in the United States is very crucial to businesses and society. The success of the economy is reliant on financial institutions and financial markets. “The market for the creation and exchange of financial assets such as money, stocks, and bonds, plays a central role in organizing and coordinating our economy

Flourish: A Visionary New Understanding Of Happiness And Well-Being

2309 words - 10 pages Flourish: A Visionary New Understanding of Happiness and Well-Being Question 1: What alternatives to cosmetic depression drugs do you think would be effective and how could universities apply them to depressed students? In Flourish, Martin Seligman describes two forms of medication: cosmetic drugs and curative drugs. He further explains that insurance companies can only reimburse brief treatments because a complete cure generally

Legality And Ethicality Of Corporate Governance

770 words - 4 pages appears that what will happen is the customers will decline delivery and the loss will be put into the new year and then the sale that does take place will be a wash. This would be considered fraud because they are playing the date game and assets. This is also unethical because the sales department and the accounting department and now even the auditor realizes what is actually going on. They are playing with the investor’s money and also defying

A New Work Ethic

1992 words - 8 pages unlike those of the past, are not exposed nor in some instances, taught the meaning of hard work, dedication, sacrifice and how success can evolve from those types of attitudes. Unfortunately through influences of the media such as television, and in some instances glorified unethical business practices of corporate CEO’s, this new generation of workers with a new work ethic, succumb to believe that hard work does not matter and that treating co

A New House Decision

379 words - 2 pages we are experiencing now. Even though the housing market has gone down the cost to buy something new has gone up. Prime example would be a gallon of milk or the cost of gas. The decision to purchase a home would be a little more challenging in terms of trying to find the best house to fit your budget. When buying a house people have to weigh out what they are going to be gaining and what they are going to be losing which is known as the marginal benefit. So you are going to gain more freedom than what you have in your current apartment.

Babbitt Ranches: Governance And Strategic Planning In Family Business

1210 words - 5 pages effectiveness. I believe that the Constitution should have been a little more inclusive in terms of the non-family employees. It is crucial that everyone within the organization can identify and relate to the Constitution or an organization Code of Conduct. As the organization pursues new business opportunities and end expands it is important that the new stakeholders value the organization's code of conduct as well. A solid code of conduct helps

Business Model And Strategic Plan Part I: Conceptualizing A New Product Or Service Division Of An Existing Business

3061 words - 13 pages , and sales (Amazon, 2015).  Phase One Internet Presence The Pet Buddy is a new product with only one similar product available for purchase. In addition, because our company is a startup the funds initially allocated for the marketing of the product are minimal. Therefore, one way we have opted to minimize the cost of marketing is to offer the product through websites like Amazon.com and other similar sites. Sites like Amazon help minimize the

M And A Primer

495 words - 2 pages Finance Simulation: M&A in Wine Country Terminology Primer Reservation Price: If you are a bidder, the highest price you would be willing to pay to acquire a target company is called your “reservation price”. It also is sometimes called a “walkaway price.” To calculate a reservation price you need to consider all available information about the target, your own company, and possibly other bidders and targets. Using all available information, and

Are Emojis A New Language?

389 words - 2 pages n his article ‘More than just a smiley face’ (The Advertiser, 30 May, 2015, p. 49), Rod Chester explains that 'emoji's have become the fastest growing language ever. Chester suggests that 'emoji's are set to change the way we communicate forever as they help create the tone and nuances that electronic communication used to lack. Chester points out that originally, 'emoji’s were introduced to a Japanese market back in 1990 where it was to appeal

The Internet Will Bring About A New Freedom Of Information And So Narrow The Technology Gap Between Developed And Developing Countries

415 words - 2 pages The Internet will bring about a new freedom of information and so narrow the technology gap between developed and developing countries. The Internet has emerged as the most rapidly adopted communication mean in history. For the last decades it has built bridges between almost all corners of the world and created the greatest depository of all kinds of information. Access to these new technologies enabled rapid development of all countries

A Fit And Healthy Me

572 words - 3 pages Dieting and fitness are crucial parts of my well-being. I am not the kind of person that watches what I eat or limits myself about what I can or cannot eat. Healthy means having good health mentally and physically. Physically, I can be strong and healthy. Mentally, I can have a sense of goodness and achievement towards myself. Eating healthy, being active, and feeling good about myself are the key ingredients I do to have a healthy lifestyle

Similar Documents

A Study Of The Relationship Between Corporate Governance Structures And The Extent Of Voluntary Disclosure

7994 words - 32 pages half of the board membership. These results may also help other East Asia reformers, policy makers and regulators to improve market transparency in their countries by introducing similar new requirements. In particular, the vast majority of listed companies in East Asia economies are owned and controlled by families. It is essential to have a higher degree of minority investors’ protection via more such corporate governance devices. There

A New House Risk And Benifits

380 words - 2 pages A New House Mark Anderson XECO/212 April 5, 2013 Anna Gonzalez A New House One government body that influences national fiscal policies is the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve is the central banking system of The United States. The Federal Reserve influences the interest rates on home loans through the buying and selling of bonds and securities. If the Federal Reserve purchases a large amount of bonds and

Ethics And Governance Essay

2402 words - 10 pages organization, while making the moral vocabulary more common in operational discussions. The institutions leaders should also identify a variety of resources to guide employees or members in the best means to increase their ethical awareness, particularly as they confront ethical dilemmas in their work. The process of formulating a code of ethics by its nature generates an energetic dialogue on what are the values and moral relationships that characterize

Law And Governance Essay

451 words - 2 pages Assignment 1 EDLM1002 2014/2015 This task is based on the summative assessment requirement addressed in your Student Guide. It will be used to award 25 % of your overall grade (100%) for the course and is based on activities you have done in the first two units.  It will require you to provide evidence of: (a) your contribution to learning (b) journaling reflectively and making improvements based on feedback/discussion (c) your ability to